Endometrial cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy among women. The molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of endometrial cancer are unclear, which has hampered the development of an effective treatment. Survivin, a newly identified member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, regulates 2 critical processes in neoplastic transfor...

Previously, we demonstrated that follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) enhanced VEGF expression and facilitated ovarian cancer angiogenesis via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In this study, we further investigated the involvement of microRNA-27a: ZBTB10‑specificity protein pathway in the mechanism of FSH-induced VEGF, Cox2 and survivin expression. Tr...
OCT4, a stem cell marker, is overexpressed in several types of human cancer and can induce resistance to chemotherapy and inhibition of apoptosis. We previously demonstrated that human follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) can inhibit ovarian cancer cell apoptosis. However, the role of OCT4 in FSH-induced inhibition of apoptosis has not been reported...

In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
School of Electronic, Information and Electrical Engineering The School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering (SEIEE) at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) was established in 2001, with its glorious history traced back to 1908 when the discipline of Electric Machines was founded. With a century-long history of reputation in research and education, SEIEE is crowned as “the Cradle of Chinese Electrical Engineers”. The school now has 12 departments and principal units including the Department of Electrical Engineering, the Department of Automation, the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, the Department of Electronic Engineering, the Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, the Department of Micro-Nano Electronics, the School of Cyber Security, the School of Software, the Academy of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, the Center for Advanced Electronic Materials and Devices, the Center for Teaching and Learning Development, and the Cooperative Medianet Innovation Center.

Huang Yaoshi is married to Feng Heng and has six apprentices. He has scores of servants on his island, who are deaf and mute. Rumours in the jianghu say that he intentionally disabled them, but in fact, they were already mute and deaf before they became his servants. He recruited them as his servants to relieve them from the social stigma of their impairments so that they can enjoy a better life on his island. However, he does not wish to promote an image of himself as a kind and compassionate person so he spread those negative rumours about himself. Only his family and apprentices know the truth.


Objective To study the expression of intermediate? conductance? Ca2+-activatedK+ (KCa3.1) channelsin Endometrial cancer tissues and their role in regulating cell cycle of endometrial cancer cells.Methods Real?time PCR and Western blotting analysis were used to examine the expression of KCa3.1 channels in 25 normal endometrial specimens,26 atypical...

In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.


Aim: To assess the clinical significance of hTERC amplification for cervical cancer screening detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and compare it with that of current screening methods within the same group. Methods: A total of one hundred and nine women were recruited in this study. All of them had liquid-based thin-prep cytologic...
Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) is an aggressive ovarian malignancy with a poor prognosis. The role of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) in the development of OCCA remains to be clarified. To investigate the action of ERβ in the proliferation and invasion of OCCA cells, the ES-2 cell line was stably transfected with full-length human ERβ cDNA, and...
To identify new genetic risk factors for cervical cancer, we conducted a genome-wide association study in the Han Chinese population. The initial discovery set included 1,364 individuals with cervical cancer (cases) and 3,028 female controls, and we selected a 'stringently matched samples' subset (829 cases and 990 controls) from the discovery set...
Endometrial cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy among women. The molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of endometrial cancer are unclear, which has hampered the development of an effective treatment. Survivin, a newly identified member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, regulates 2 critical processes in neoplastic transfor...
To determine the role of oestrogen receptor α (ERα) in the regulation of survivin expression by 17β-estradiol (E(2)) in ovarian cancer cells and to evaluate the mechanism of E(2) action on ovarian cancer cell migration. We performed RT-PCR and Western blot analysis to assess the expression of ERα in the ovarian cancer cell lines NIH:OVCAR-3 and SKO...

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) can induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines with little toxicity toward normal cells. It offers a promising therapeutic method against ovarian cancer. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could home to tumor lesion, and take part in angiogenesis. This study was to observe antitumo...


School of Medicine SJTUSM was formally approved under the“211 Project” as a state key university for full development in November, 1997. In July, 2005, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Shanghai Second Medical University merged to form the new Shanghai Jiao Tong University, jointly supported by Shanghai Municipal Government and the Ministry of Education. In November, 2010, SJTUSM became one of the first ten universities jointly supported by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education. The rich historic background of over one hundred years and heroic journey of more than 50 years have eventually brought about a research-oriented medical school with all-round development in medical education, clinical services, and scientific research, as well as other social services, a medical school with outstanding features and distinct advantages, a strong faculty, and remarkable academic achievements. In the new round of evaluating disciplines in degree and graduate programs organized by the Ministry of Education in 2009, clinical medicine of SJTUSM ranked first nationally, and the comprehensive strength of various disciplines belonged to the first echelon of the nation's medical schools.
To assess the clinical features and prognostic factors of malignant ovarian teratoma. Eighty-four patients with malignant ovarian teratoma between 1954 and 2001 were studied retrospectively. All patients were treated with surgery, the mid-period of follow-up was 146 months. Patient characteristics, surgical therapy, pathologic diagnosis, histologic...

Ovarian cancers are heterogeneous and contain stem-like cells that are able to self-renew and are responsible for sustained tumor growth. Metastasis in peritoneal cavity occurs more frequently in ovarian cancer than in other malignancies, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. We have identified that ovarian cancer stem-like cells (C...


To elucidate the mechanisms of nuclear estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30)-mediated signaling in the regulation of proliferation in ER-positive and ER-negative endometrial cancer cells, two human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, Ishikawa (ER-positive) and KLE (ER-negative), were used. PCR and Western blot anal...
... Interestingly, estradiol may play a dual role in modulating NRF2 activity. On the one hand, its metabolites activate NRF2 via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (independent of the ER) [29]. While recent studies demonstrated that estradiol leads to an activation of NRF2 in a wide range of cell types [30,31], the estradiol effect was only noted on protein and not on mRNA levels, suggesting that the main effect of estradiol is based on NRF2 protein stabilization [32]. ...
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