Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...


Persistent unopposed estrogen stimulation is a central oncogenic mechanism driving the formation of type I endometrial cancer (EC). Recent epidemiologic and clinical studies of EC have also revealed a role for insulin resistance, clinically manifested by chronic inflammation. However, the role of inflammation in estrogen-driven EC is not well chara...
A few highly aggressive and malignant tumor cells could acquire identities by turning on genes expressed by endothelial cells and recruit blood vessels to sustain tumor growth. Hypoxia was reported recently to play an essential role in these events. These 'plastic' tumor-cell phenotypes and the exact mechanism driving transendothelial differentiati...
Objective To assess the effect of 17β-estradiol(E2) on cell proliferation, cell invasiveness and its regulation of MTA3, Snail and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) expression in the ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma cell line ES2, and to further investigate the mechanism involved. Methods We first investigated expression of ERα, ERβ, PR and E-cad...
Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful an...
RAB25 belongs to the Rab family of small GTPases and is implicated in the development of various types of human cancer. To evaluate the role of RAB25 in ovarian cancer, RAB25 was knocked down by siRNA in HEY and ES‑2 human ovarian cancer cells. Autophagy, cell growth and cell apoptosis were evaluated. The results showed that knockdown of RAB25 incr...
To identify an effective auxiliary therapy for epithelial ovarian cancer. Progesterone acetate given at 250 mg intramuscularly twice a week for 1 month followed by increased administration to 500 mg intramuscularly every two weeks for 3 years was used in combination with platinum based chemotherapy to treat patients with epithelial ovarian cancer a...
To investigate the involvement of estrogen receptor (ER) beta in the proliferation of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma by restoring ERbeta expression in a cell line ES-2. A plasmid with full length ERbeta cDNA, pRSV-ERbeta and its negative vector control pRSV were introduced into ES-2. The cells transfected were named according to the plasmids: ES...
AAeronautics and AstronauticsAgriculture and BiologyAntai College of Economic and ManagementBBiomedical EngineeringCChemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina Europe International Business SchoolChina-UK Low Carbon CollegeEElectronic, Information and Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental Sciences and EngineeringFForeign LanguagesHHumanitiesIInternational and Public AffairsKKoGuan Law SchoolLLife Sciences and BiotechnologyMMarxismMaterials Science and EngineeringMathematical SciencesMechanical Engineering Media and DesignMedicineNNaval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringPPharmacyPhysical EducationPhysics and AstronomySShanghai Advanced Institute of FinanceSJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology U UM-SJTU Joint Institute USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry Z Zhiyuan College
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