In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
Jiaozuo is noted for its blast furnaces and machine construction industries. The total GDP of the city in 2017 was 234.28 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 13.733 billion yuan, up 4.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 13.841 billion yuan, up 6.7%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 81.143 billion yuan, up 9.1%. The per capita GDP reached 65,936 yuan. The three industrial structures changed from 6.4:59.3:34.3 of 2016 to 5.9:59.5:34.6.link

The Joint Institute has tuition-waived student exchange agreements with a several leading universities as well as various programs with the university of Michigan. If your university is a member of the Global E³ Network or you believe that your institution has an exchange agreement with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), please contact your international programs office for information on how to apply.
Neovascularization is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. An adequate vasculature feeds tumor growth and enhances the potential of metastasis. For many years, tumor vessels were thought to be lined exclusively by endothelial cells (ECs). However, therapeutic benefits from the promising antiangiogenic strategy targeting genetically stable ECs...

Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance The Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance (SAIF) was established by the Shanghai Municipal Government at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in April 2009. Its mission is to become a world class institute of research and higher learning with world class faculty. SAIF is committed to developing top talents for the financial world and to generate cutting-edge knowledge in financial theories and applications. As a member of Shanghai's financial community, it strives to contribute to the development of Shanghai as a global financial center.
To study the expression of VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and its transcription factor Ets-1 on the interstitial neovasculogenesis in human cervical carcinoma on molecular level, which may provide further theoretic bases on judgement of prognosis and explain interregularity between neovasculagenetic factors. VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and Ets-1 were detected in 87 cervi...
To investigate the effects of sulindac metabolites on proliferation and apoptosis in the human umbilical vein endothelial cell line ECV304 in vitro. The proliferation profile of ECV304 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. Cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and the ultrastructure of ECV304 were detected by flow cytometry (FCM...
... Temserolimus was FDA approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in 2007 and is currently being evaluated in several clinical trials for its use in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies, including ovarian carcinoma.[28] Cell culture studies [10,293031 and mouse models323334353637 also suggested that PI3K pathway inhibitors are efficient in suppressing ovarian cancer cell growth. We analyzed the effect of the PI3K, AKT and mTORC1 inhibitors LY294002, SH-6 and rapamycin, respectively, on ovarian cancer cell growth using established cell lines and fresh human tumor tissue. ...
Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.

Antai College of Economics and Management Antai College of Economics and Management (ACEM), Shanghai Jiao Tong University boasts a rich history and tradition which dates back to the Business School of Nan Yang Public School founded in 1903. ACEM is dedicated to educate economic and management talents with international competencies. It promotes scientific and academic innovation, caters to economic and social development, and supports the growth of business. After over 30 years’ unremitting efforts, ACEM has established itself as a modern business school with a good reputation home and abroad, and the first business school in mainland China to have been triply accredited by AACSB, EQUIS and AMBA, the three largest and most influential business school accreditation associations in the world.
Extensive exposure to estrogen is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer. Given that the accumulation of adipocytes also contributes to the increased production of estrogen, in the present study, we evaluated the expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene in endometrial tumor tissues and further explored th...
Gankyrin has been implicated in the formation of multiple cancer types, although its roles in estrogen-driven endometrial carcinoma remain unclarified. We evaluated the expression of Gankyrin in endometrial tissues and further explored its roles in estrogen-driven and GPR30-mediated endometrial cancer cell proliferation. Gankyrin was overexpressed...
... With respect to other cancers, lithium has been found to be lethal to neuroblastoma cells but not to normal nerve cells (11). A similar effect was found in ovarian cancer cells (12), although a subsequent similar study on ovarian cancer cells suggests only a more modest benefit (13). It is not clear from our reading of the two ovarian cancer papers why the results are significantly different from each other. ...
Huang Yaoshi is a fictional character in the wuxia novel The Legend of the Condor Heroes and its sequel, The Return of the Condor Heroes, by Jin Yong. He is one of the Five Greats of the wulin (martial artists' community) during the Song dynasty, alongside Wang Chongyang, Hong Qigong, Ouyang Feng and Duan Zhixing. He is nicknamed "Eastern Heretic" (東邪) for being an unorthodox radical who behaves as he wishes without showing any regard for formalities or moral ethics.[SheDiao Ch.10] He loathes the dogma of traditional rites in Chinese society and admires only genuine honour and pure love.[SheDiao Ch.10] As such, he is often regarded by his contemporaries as a cultural heretic.[SheDiao Ch.10] His nickname may be translated to "Eastern Evil" because the character Xie (邪) in his nickname also refers to "evil" and "unorthodoxy" in jianghu terminology.
... With respect to other cancers, lithium has been found to be lethal to neuroblastoma cells but not to normal nerve cells (11). A similar effect was found in ovarian cancer cells (12), although a subsequent similar study on ovarian cancer cells suggests only a more modest benefit (13). It is not clear from our reading of the two ovarian cancer papers why the results are significantly different from each other. ...
Endometrial cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy among women. The molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of endometrial cancer are unclear, which has hampered the development of an effective treatment. Survivin, a newly identified member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, regulates 2 critical processes in neoplastic transfor...
Aim: To assess the clinical significance of hTERC amplification for cervical cancer screening detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and compare it with that of current screening methods within the same group. Methods: A total of one hundred and nine women were recruited in this study. All of them had liquid-based thin-prep cytologic...
The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft, Sandisk and other high-tech companies placed their research and development centers, to the south of this campus.
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal malignancy of the female reproductive system with an overall mortality rate of greater than 70%. Our group has demonstrated that Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularization by increasing expression of va...
USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry (ICCI) is jointly established by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) and University of Southern California (USC). With supports from all aspects of the society, ICCI aims to develop itself into a pilot of international collaboration in the field of cultural and creative industry.When culture leads, creativity triumphs. Located in the economic and financial center of China and taking the revitalization of the country and the nation as its own mission, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has cultivated numerous elites in politics, science, industries and arts, and has made great contributions to the country’s economics, science and technology, arts, and health care since founded in 1896. There are a number of famous alumni such as Li Shutong (a master of culture and arts), Lu Yan (a Chinese Hollywood Actress), Hong Shen (a dramatist), and Zhu Qizhan (a famous painter). This manifests the great contribution SJTU has made to the culture and creative industry. University of Southern California is located in Los Angeles, the cultural capital of the world. It has enjoyed a long-lasting high reputation for cultivating a large number of elites in the cultural and creative industry.
Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...
Progestin resistance is the main obstacle to successful conservative therapy in young endometrial cancer patients. To investigate the molecular events that lead to progestin resistance and to find a possible way to reverse progestin resistance in endometrial cancer, we established a progestin-resistant Ishikawa cell line by long-term progestin trea...
... In vEDS cells, an ER perturbation was suggested by the abnormal ER distribution of the protein disulfide isomerase enzyme and by reduced expression of FKBP22, an ER resident peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans-ER isomerase involved in the folding of COLLIII triple helix [108,139,140]. Since the perturbed ER redox state may influence the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of the caspase-dependent apoptosis [141], and FKBP22 can have an anti-apoptotic role acting on the expression of Bcl-2 and caspases [142], this aspect merits further studies in vEDS fibroblasts. ...

To examine the expressions of glyoxalase I (GLO-I) in endometrial cancer tissues and cell lines and to investigate the roles of GLO-I on proliferation and apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. Immunohistochemistry, western blot and RT-PCR were used to investigate the expressions of GLO-I protein and mRNA in endometrial cancer tissues and Ishikawa...

Albanian Leke 16American Dollars 53Argentine Pesos 43Australian Dollars 29Australian Pounds 15Austrian Schilling 27Bahraini Dinars 27Barbadian Dollars 18Belgian Francs 96Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible marks 29Brazilian Reais 26British Pounds 85Brunei Dollars 43Bulgarian Leva 45Canadian Dollars 59CFA francs Central Africa 10CFA francs West Africa 10CFP francs French Polynesia 15Chilean Pesos 22Chinese Yuan 49Colombian Pesos 12Croatian Kuna 23Cypriot Pounds 19Czech Koruna 34Danish Kroner 43Deutsche Marks 84Dutch Guilders 45Eastern Caribbean Dollars 34Egyptian Pounds 46Estonian Krooni 17Euros 21Falkland Islands Pounds 18Faroese Kronur 23Finnish Markkaa 25French Francs 92Georgian Lari 19Gibraltar Pounds 28Greek Drachmas 30Guernsey Pounds 22Hong Kong Dollars 117Hungarian Forints 28Icelandic Kronur 25Indian Rupees 33Indonesian Rupiah 27Irish Pounds 35Isle of Man Pounds 15Israeli New Sheqalim 21Italian Lire 37Jamaican Dollars 20Japanese Yen 30Jersey Pounds 29Jordanian Dinars 10Kuwaiti Dinars 37Latvian Lats 15Lithuanian Litu 24Luxembourgish Francs 14Macedonian Denari 19Malaysian Ringgit 52Maldivian Rufiyaa 15Maltese Lira 20Mexican Pesos 32Moldovan Lei 9Moroccan Dirhams 37New Taiwan Dollars 33New Zealand Dollars 41New Zealand Pounds 9Northern Irish Pounds 73Norwegian Kroner 25Omani Rials 14Peruvian Soles 17Philippine Peso 22Polish Zloty 50Portuguese Escudos 29Qatari Riyals 25Romanian Lei 11Romanian Old Lei 6Russian Rubles 38Saudi Riyals 26Scottish Pounds 69Serbian Dinara 26Singapore Dollars 58Slovak Koruna 13Slovenian Tolars 31South African Rands 44South Korean Won 37Spanish Pesetas 63Sri Lankan Rupees 55Swedish Kronor 38Swiss Francs 36Thai Baht 50Tunisian Dinars 5Turkish Lira 18Turkish Old Lira 15UAE Dirhams 25Ukrainian Hryvnia 30UncategorizedVietnamese Dong 26
... [9,25] Overall, the main reasons reported contributing to the psychosocial burden among women (anxious, fearful, self-blame, powerlessness, disbelief, depression, and anger) in this domain were lack of understanding of abnormal Pap smear results and higher perceived risk of developing cervical cancer which also have negative impact on perception of self. [10,11,26] Domain 3: Worry about human papillomavirus infectivity Women of reproductive age were found to have a significantly higher mean score not only in general but also in both individual items of this domain " worry about HPV infectivity " compared to a menopausal group of women. Our results were quite similar to the study conducted in the United States which reported that women with abnormal Pap smear results were distressed due to a sense of shame or guilt when they came to know that these cervical changes are associated with HPV and which is a sexually transmitted infection. ...
The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987.
Aim: To assess the clinical significance of hTERC amplification for cervical cancer screening detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and compare it with that of current screening methods within the same group. Methods: A total of one hundred and nine women were recruited in this study. All of them had liquid-based thin-prep cytologic...
We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of FSHR in OET development. MCV152 cells wit...

School of Foreign Languages Founded in 1979, SFL today boasts a contingent of high-caliber faculty known for their innovative teaching and award-winning research. Its 80 plus professors and associate professors work in English, Japanese, German, French, Translation Departments and College English Divisions. The dedicated and talented faculty are actively engaged in a wide array of research fields including theoretical and applied linguistics, English literature, translation studies, to name but a few. Their works appear in distinguished international journals as well as in books published by leading academic presses. SLF seeks to achieve the highest standards of teaching and learning in both sciences and humanities with an emphasis on critical and creative thinking, to serve the needs of the society by enhancing its intellectual life and contributing to the development of the nation. Apart from offering degree programs (BA, MA, PhD) in languages and translation, SFL is also responsible for designing and delivering a broad and diverse range of language-related courses to undergraduate and postgraduate students across the University. Following SJTU’s time-honored tradition of intellectual excellence and critical enquiry, SFL is committed to providing a learning experience of the highest quality for its students who are taught and guided by inspiring academics, making its graduates highly sought after by employers in various sectors.

IQGAP1 is a scaffolding protein and overexpressed in many human tumors, including ovarian cancer. However, the contribution of IQGAP1 to invasive properties of ovarian cancer cells remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of IQGAP1-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expressing plasmids on metastatic potential of ovarian cancer HO-8910PM ce...


In 1896, the Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by the imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the Qing imperial government. Four schools were established: a normal school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school, and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin who proposed the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and is, along with missionary educator John Calvin Ferguson, regarded as the founder of the university.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship among the protein levels of MCM7, p63, and human papillomavirus (HPV) in different cervical lesion tissues and appraise their predictive value in evaluating severity of cervical disease. Methods: Twelve normal cervix or chronic cervicitis, 42 squamous intraepithelial lesions...
Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities[24] which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%).[25] Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.
OCT4, a stem cell marker, is overexpressed in several types of human cancer and can induce resistance to chemotherapy and inhibition of apoptosis. We previously demonstrated that human follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) can inhibit ovarian cancer cell apoptosis. However, the role of OCT4 in FSH-induced inhibition of apoptosis has not been reported...
Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...
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