In the year 404, Huiyuan wrote a treatise On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings (沙門不敬王者論).[4] This book symbolized his efforts to assert the political independence of Buddhist clergy from the courts of monarchic rulers. At the same time, it was a religious and political text that aimed to convince monarchs and Confucian-minded ministers of state that followers of Buddhism were ultimately not subversive. He argued that Buddhists could make good subjects in a kingdom due to their beliefs in retribution of karma and the desire to be reborn in paradise. Despite the Buddhists' reputation of leaving their family behind for a monastic life, Huiyuan stated "those who rejoice in the Way of the Buddha invariably first serve their parents and obey their lords."[1]
The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
Recent studies have suggested that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an important role in ovarian epithelial carcinogenesis. We demonstrated that FSH stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularisation. Our previous work has shown that transient receptor potential channel...

The Ministry of Commerce assumed administration of the college in 1904, and in 1905 changed the college's name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry. In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. When the Republic of China was founded, the college was placed under the Ministry of Communications and its name was once again changed, this time to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry.
Huiyuan began studying the Zhuangzi and Laozi at a young age, as well as the teachings of Confucius. However, at the age of 21 he was converted in Hebei Province by the Buddhist Dao An, who was a Chinese disciple of a Kuchan missionary. Hearing the sermons of Dao An convinced Huiyuan to "leave the family" and embark on a life of Buddhist teachings.[1] Later, he became a patriarch of Donglin Temple (East Forest Temple) at Mount Lushan. His teachings were various, including the vinaya (戒律), meditation (禪法), abhidharma and Prajna or wisdom. Although Huiyuan did not take the initiative in establishing the relations with the secular world, he had contacts with court and gentry families. Huiyuan was on two occasions invited by the dictator Huan Xuan to take part in the discussions about the status of the clergy and Huiyuan defended the independence of the clergy. Members of the cultured classes came to live on Mount Lu as Huiyuan's lay disciples to take part in the religious life. Besides his teaching and interaction with lay followers of the Buddhist faith, he also upheld a learned correspondence with the monk Kumarajiva.[2]
In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
To make the competition for his daughter's hand-in-marriage a fair one, Huang Yaoshi sets a series of three tests for the two contestants: Guo Jing and Ouyang Ke. The first obstacle is a test of martial arts. Ouyang Feng spars with Guo Jing while Hong Qigong fights Ouyang Ke. Guo Jing wins the first bout but ties with Ouyang Ke in the subsequent round, which involves appreciation of a piece of music played by Huang Yaoshi. The last assessment is a test of memory, in which Huang Yaoshi produces an incomplete copy of the Nine Yin Manual, without identifying the book, and asks the two contestants to memorise the text and recite to him later. Guo Jing read the manual before so he recites fluently and defeats Ouyang Ke.

The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.

... Likewise, our network analyses further support the role of these two GalNAc-Ts in modulating EOC tumorigenesis. Indeed major gene nodes with proven implications in EOC tumorigenesis, including VEGF, PI3K, EZH2, IQGAP1, and HOXD10 [34][35][36][37][38], were downregulated upon GALNT3 ablation. Moreover, multiple gene nodes reported to be involved in EOC progression (such as CUL1 EEF2, PTN, UCHL1, CBX5, USP14, and BMI-1 [39][40][41][42][43][44]) were strongly affected by the GALNT3/T6 double KO. ...

School of Mathematical Sciences The School of Mathematical Sciences (SMS) enjoys a rich history dating back to the establishment of Department of Mathematics in 1928, 32 years after the founding of the university. One evidence of its place in modern mathematics in China is that the first Congress of the Chinese Mathematical Society was held in 1935 at SJTU. In 2014, the Department of Mathematics was selected by the central government as one of the first four Model Schools for Internationalization, which encourages us to be more internationalization in its practices, vision and outlook. With the growth in size, it was reorganized into the School of Mathematical Sciences in December 2015. With more than 100 faculties members, the school now consists of 3 departments (Mathematics, Applied and Computational Mathematics, and Statistics) and 1 center (Research Center for Mathematics Education).
School of International and Public Affairs School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), established in 2003 and located I the heart of downtown Shanghai, has developed itself into one of the most influential and international schools in political science and public administration in China. It is ranked as a top ten public policy school in China by the Chinese Ministry of Education. SIPA consists of four departments: Department of Comparative Politics, Department of Public Administration, Department of International Relations and Department of Public Economics & Social Policy. The school offers both academic and professional degrees in political science and public administration, including one doctoral degree program, six master’s degree programs and one MPA program (Master of Public Administration). MPA program at SIPA is one of the first of its kind among Chinese universities and well-known for its mid-career education. Currently, over 1,500 students from across the globe study at SIPA. In addition, the school also trains public officials, including many mayors and local leaders.

Up to 30% of failure rate in endometrial hyperplasia patients treated by progestin urges more detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in progestin resistance. Survivin is a key regulator in the antiapoptotic network, and overexpression of survivin has been reported in endometrial hyperplasia and cancer. This study investigated the role of...
Department of Physical Education Established in 1986, the Physical Education Department of Shanghai Jiao Tong University is directly affiliated to the university. After more than 30 years of development, it has one first-level discipline authorized to offer master degree. There are 82 faculty members including 5 professors, 2 chair professors and 1 academic leader. It has been continuously awarded the "Presedent Cup" for seven times in national university games. The Department focuses on talent cultivation since the very beginning. By adhering to the "four combinations", the department will take teaching as the core, mass sport as the foundation, competition as the highlight and scientific research as the driving force. It will work actively to build the first-level platform with the characteristics of SJTU to cultivate talents by physical education.

Department of Physical Education Established in 1986, the Physical Education Department of Shanghai Jiao Tong University is directly affiliated to the university. After more than 30 years of development, it has one first-level discipline authorized to offer master degree. There are 82 faculty members including 5 professors, 2 chair professors and 1 academic leader. It has been continuously awarded the "Presedent Cup" for seven times in national university games. The Department focuses on talent cultivation since the very beginning. By adhering to the "four combinations", the department will take teaching as the core, mass sport as the foundation, competition as the highlight and scientific research as the driving force. It will work actively to build the first-level platform with the characteristics of SJTU to cultivate talents by physical education.
In the year 404, Huiyuan wrote a treatise On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings (沙門不敬王者論).[4] This book symbolized his efforts to assert the political independence of Buddhist clergy from the courts of monarchic rulers. At the same time, it was a religious and political text that aimed to convince monarchs and Confucian-minded ministers of state that followers of Buddhism were ultimately not subversive. He argued that Buddhists could make good subjects in a kingdom due to their beliefs in retribution of karma and the desire to be reborn in paradise. Despite the Buddhists' reputation of leaving their family behind for a monastic life, Huiyuan stated "those who rejoice in the Way of the Buddha invariably first serve their parents and obey their lords."[1]
On 3 September 2008, Atlantic Industries, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, agreed to buy China Huiyuan Juice for HK$17.9 billion at HK$12.20 per share, three times more than its closing price of HK$4.14 on the previous day. Its shares closed at HK$10.94 on that day.[4] The proposed takeover was subject to anti-monopoly review by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce, which was scheduled to finish on 20 March 2009.[5] On 17 March, it was reported that Coca-Cola was considering abandoning the deal, as Chinese authorities insisted on relinquishing the Huiyuan brand name after acquisition.[6] On 18 March, the Ministry of Commerce disallowed the bid, citing market competition concerns.[7][8]
To identify an effective auxiliary therapy for epithelial ovarian cancer. Progesterone acetate given at 250 mg intramuscularly twice a week for 1 month followed by increased administration to 500 mg intramuscularly every two weeks for 3 years was used in combination with platinum based chemotherapy to treat patients with epithelial ovarian cancer a...

School of Humanities The School of Humanities, composed of three Departments and two Centers, offers two undergraduate programs, three master degree programs, one professional master degree program, and two Ph. D programs in four academic categoriess covering Chinese Language and Literature, History, Philosophy, and Art. The School has 1551 students and 141 full-time faculty members, among which 28 are professors, 3 are Zhiyuan chair professors, 1 is Jingyu Chair professor, and 6 are distinguished professors, 1 is elected in Shanghai Thousand Talents Program, 2 are involved in the New Century Excellent Talent Support Project of the MOE, China and 24 teachers hold overseas doctoral degrees. The School offers 40% of the core courses for liberal education in the whole university and undertaks a total number of 74 projects at the ministrial and provincial level or above, among which 41 are programs supported by the national social science foundation of China.


To study the expression of VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and its transcription factor Ets-1 on the interstitial neovasculogenesis in human cervical carcinoma on molecular level, which may provide further theoretic bases on judgement of prognosis and explain interregularity between neovasculagenetic factors. VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and Ets-1 were detected in 87 cervi...

To investigate the inhibitory effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, sirolimus on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1alpha protein and growth of ovarian carcinoma in an athymic mouse xenogeneic transplant model of ovarian cancer. Four groups of female nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with SKOV3 cells. After...
Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance The Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance (SAIF) was established by the Shanghai Municipal Government at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in April 2009. Its mission is to become a world class institute of research and higher learning with world class faculty. SAIF is committed to developing top talents for the financial world and to generate cutting-edge knowledge in financial theories and applications. As a member of Shanghai's financial community, it strives to contribute to the development of Shanghai as a global financial center.
Jiao Yulu was born in Yuanquan Town of Boshan District, in Zibo city, in Shandong province, to a poor family, on August 16, 1922, during the Republic of China.[3] Both his father Jiao Fangtian (焦方田) and mother were farmers.[3] He had only four years of schooling.[3] His father hanged himself during the Second Sino-Japanese War.[3] Jiao Yulu was conscripted into the Japanese labor and he was sent to coal-mining in Fushun, Liaoning, Manchoukuo.[3] He escaped to Suqian, Jiangsu in the fall of 1943.[3] He had been a farm labourer for two years for the landowner Hu Tairong (胡泰荣).[3]

Henan Polytechnic University (HPU)[1], with a history of nearly 100 years, is the first mining university in Chinese history. Its former is Jiaozuo Coal Mining School which was established by the British Syndicate Co. Ltd., in 1909. It has changed its names several times in the course of development, namely, FuZhong Coal Mining University, Jiaozuo Private Institute of Technology, North-west Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo National Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo Mining Institute and Jiaozuo Institute of Technology. The University resumed its name of Henan Polytechnic University in 2004.
A few highly aggressive and malignant tumor cells could acquire identities by turning on genes expressed by endothelial cells and recruit blood vessels to sustain tumor growth. Hypoxia was reported recently to play an essential role in these events. These 'plastic' tumor-cell phenotypes and the exact mechanism driving transendothelial differentiati...
Recent studies have suggested that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an important role in ovarian epithelial carcinogenesis. We demonstrated that FSH stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularisation. Our previous work has shown that transient receptor potential channel...
To assess the estrogen and progestin's effect on protein expression of metastasis repression gene nm23-H1 via regulation of phosphorylation signaling in epithelial ovarian cancer cell line ES-2. Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinom cell line ES-2 was treated by different doses of 17beta-estradiol (estrogen), medroxyprogestogen (progestin) and dimethyl...

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) can induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines with little toxicity toward normal cells. It offers a promising therapeutic method against ovarian cancer. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could home to tumor lesion, and take part in angiogenesis. This study was to observe antitumo...


To investigate the effects of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Ovarian cancer cells of the lines SKOV-3 and ES-2 were cultured, and treated by FSH of the concentrations of 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mU/ml for 48 h or 24 h respectively. The cells without FSH treatment we...
School of International and Public Affairs School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), established in 2003 and located I the heart of downtown Shanghai, has developed itself into one of the most influential and international schools in political science and public administration in China. It is ranked as a top ten public policy school in China by the Chinese Ministry of Education. SIPA consists of four departments: Department of Comparative Politics, Department of Public Administration, Department of International Relations and Department of Public Economics & Social Policy. The school offers both academic and professional degrees in political science and public administration, including one doctoral degree program, six master’s degree programs and one MPA program (Master of Public Administration). MPA program at SIPA is one of the first of its kind among Chinese universities and well-known for its mid-career education. Currently, over 1,500 students from across the globe study at SIPA. In addition, the school also trains public officials, including many mayors and local leaders.

Zhou Botong realised that he had been tricked by Huang Yaoshi so he returned to Peach Blossom Island to demand an explanation from Huang. Huang Yaoshi was still embattled by the loss of his wife. Zhou Botong's confrontational attitude merely fuelled the anger and frustration in him. When Huang Yaoshi blamed Zhou Botong for his wife's death, Zhou retorted angrily that he had also suffered in a similar experience with Liu Ying. Huang Yaoshi and Zhou Botong started fighting but neither of them was able to defeat his opponent. Huang Yaoshi imprisoned Zhou Botong on his island by sealing all possible exit routes. Zhou Botong roamed the island and settled in a cave for the next 15 years. During that period of time, Huang Yaoshi and Zhou Botong taunted each other to fight and kept themselves occupied with their conflict. Their feud is resolved when Guo Jing visits the island and meets Zhou Botong.
Zhiyuan College The Zhiyuan College, established in January 2010, offers “Zhiyuan Honors Program” to the top 5% SJTU undergraduates. Today, Zhiyuan has seven undergraduate programs: Mathematics, Physics, Life Science, Computer Science, Chemistry, Engineering and Biomedical Science. Aiming at cultivating top-notch talents into international academic masters, Zhiyuan College has recruited a group of eminent scholars from around the world to build first-class faculty team. Each year, Zhiyuan admits 350 students and there are 433 alumni worldwide currently, 90% of whom are pursuing further studies at top domestic and international universities and institutions. In addition to having a strong academic record, students who show a strong interest and the potential to pursue a research career are selected. In 2014, the talent training model of Zhiyuan College won the first-class award of “National Teaching Achievement Award”; and in 2016, “Zhiyuan Model” won “Cultivating Curiosity Award” and “Natural Sciences Award” of “Reimagine Education 2016”, which is jointly hosted by Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and QS—international institution for world university rankings on education.
Song of the Sea and Waves (碧海潮生曲) is a xiao piece whose tune has hypnotic effects on people. The melody can put a person into a trance and the person feels like he is floating in the ocean. Huang channels some of his inner energy into the tune when playing the piece and this increases its power. Huang Yaoshi plays this piece several times to hypnotise Zhou Botong and make him reproduce a copy of the Nine Yin Manual. He also plays it during the second test for Guo Jing and Ouyang Ke.
Aberrant nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NRF2) expression correlates with tumor development. We investigated NRF2 expression in ovarian epithelial carcinoma (OEC), aiming to identify associations with clinicopathological factors, hormones and induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Immunohistochemical staining for NRF2 expression was performed on 10 ben...
To compare the efficacy of combination regiments of taxol given weekly plus carboplatin and taxol given every three weeks plus carboplatin. To observe the toxicity of the two regiments. To observe the two-year survival rate in the two groups. Total 125 eligible patients in 13 centers of CGOG were entered into the two arms of this randomized clinica...
A few highly aggressive and malignant tumor cells could acquire identities by turning on genes expressed by endothelial cells and recruit blood vessels to sustain tumor growth. Hypoxia was reported recently to play an essential role in these events. These 'plastic' tumor-cell phenotypes and the exact mechanism driving transendothelial differentiati...

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and the FSH receptor contribute to tumor angiogenesis and are acknowledged risk factors for ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC). Accumulating evidence suggests that FSH can induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. We previously demonstrated that FSH induces r...
In 1945, after the defeat of the Japanese in the Second World War, he returned his hometown and joined a militia. He once took part in the battle of liberating Boshan District. Jiao Yulu joined the Communist Party of China in January 1946, and he soon was transferred to Bohai, Shandong and appointed a group leader of the Land Reform movement. By late Chinese Civil War, he worked in Weishi County, Henan province until 1951. In June 1953, he was transferred to Luoyang Mine Machine Manufacturing Plant and worked there until 1962.
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