On February 13, 2004, Yuntai Mountain as the fifth in the world, the third in the country China, was named the world's first World Geopark by UNESCO and caused attention at home and abroad. Meanwhile, Yuntaishan is also a national scenic spot, National Civilized Scenic Area, the first national AAAAA-level scenic spot, national natural heritage, national forest parks, national macaque nature reserve. Yuntain Mountain also has Asia's highest head drop waterfall.
Objective To assess the effect of 17β-estradiol(E2) on cell proliferation, cell invasiveness and its regulation of MTA3, Snail and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) expression in the ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma cell line ES2, and to further investigate the mechanism involved. Methods We first investigated expression of ERα, ERβ, PR and E-cad...
Jiao Yulu was born in Yuanquan Town of Boshan District, in Zibo city, in Shandong province, to a poor family, on August 16, 1922, during the Republic of China.[3] Both his father Jiao Fangtian (焦方田) and mother were farmers.[3] He had only four years of schooling.[3] His father hanged himself during the Second Sino-Japanese War.[3] Jiao Yulu was conscripted into the Japanese labor and he was sent to coal-mining in Fushun, Liaoning, Manchoukuo.[3] He escaped to Suqian, Jiangsu in the fall of 1943.[3] He had been a farm labourer for two years for the landowner Hu Tairong (胡泰荣).[3]
To elucidate the mechanisms of nuclear estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30)-mediated signaling in the regulation of proliferation in ER-positive and ER-negative endometrial cancer cells, two human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, Ishikawa (ER-positive) and KLE (ER-negative), were used. PCR and Western blot anal...
Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...
On 3 September 2008, Atlantic Industries, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, agreed to buy China Huiyuan Juice for HK$17.9 billion at HK$12.20 per share, three times more than its closing price of HK$4.14 on the previous day. Its shares closed at HK$10.94 on that day.[4] The proposed takeover was subject to anti-monopoly review by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce, which was scheduled to finish on 20 March 2009.[5] On 17 March, it was reported that Coca-Cola was considering abandoning the deal, as Chinese authorities insisted on relinquishing the Huiyuan brand name after acquisition.[6] On 18 March, the Ministry of Commerce disallowed the bid, citing market competition concerns.[7][8]
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU; Chinese: 上海交通大学) is a major research university in Shanghai. Established on April 8, 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, it has been referred to as "The MIT of the East" since the 1930s.[5][6][7] It is renowned as one of the oldest, most prestigious and selective universities in China. Shanghai Jiao Tong is a C9 League university and a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[8]
We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of FSHR in OET development. MCV152 cells wit...

Gestational diabetemellitus (GDM) is a condition whereby a mother's glucose tolerance is impaired with onset or first recognition during pregnancy which is not either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress plays an essential role in diabetes, however, whether it also includes in GDM has not been fully clarified. Therefore, we investig...


In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
To study the expression of intermediate-conductance-Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (IKCa1) channels in endometrial cancer and its role in regulating proliferation of endometrial cancer cells. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to examine the expression of IKCa1 channels in 13 normal endometrial specimens and 25 endometrial cancer specimens; and RNA interfere...
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are able to give rise to a variety of cell lineages under specific culture condition. An effective strategy for stable genetic modification in hES cells may provide a powerful tool for study of human embryogenesis and cell-based therapies. However, gene silences are documented in hES cells. In current study, we inve...
To identify new genetic risk factors for cervical cancer, we conducted a genome-wide association study in the Han Chinese population. The initial discovery set included 1,364 individuals with cervical cancer (cases) and 3,028 female controls, and we selected a 'stringently matched samples' subset (829 cases and 990 controls) from the discovery set...

... Previous studies have discovered high IKCal expressions in endometrial carcinoma, breast cancer, urinary bladder carcinoma, colon cancer, and glioblastoma cells. [4][5][6][7] This study demonstrated the close relationship between the Ca 2+ -activated K + channel and cervical cancer. [8,9] This study utilized the K + -channel blocker clotrimazole (CLT) and small hairpin ribonucleic acid (RNA) to explore the role played by (and the effect of) IKCal in the proliferation of HeLa cells. ...
Gankyrin has been implicated in the formation of multiple cancer types, although its roles in estrogen-driven endometrial carcinoma remain unclarified. We evaluated the expression of Gankyrin in endometrial tissues and further explored its roles in estrogen-driven and GPR30-mediated endometrial cancer cell proliferation. Gankyrin was overexpressed...
Huang Yaoshi is a fictional character in the wuxia novel The Legend of the Condor Heroes and its sequel, The Return of the Condor Heroes, by Jin Yong. He is one of the Five Greats of the wulin (martial artists' community) during the Song dynasty, alongside Wang Chongyang, Hong Qigong, Ouyang Feng and Duan Zhixing. He is nicknamed "Eastern Heretic" (東邪) for being an unorthodox radical who behaves as he wishes without showing any regard for formalities or moral ethics.[SheDiao Ch.10] He loathes the dogma of traditional rites in Chinese society and admires only genuine honour and pure love.[SheDiao Ch.10] As such, he is often regarded by his contemporaries as a cultural heretic.[SheDiao Ch.10] His nickname may be translated to "Eastern Evil" because the character Xie (邪) in his nickname also refers to "evil" and "unorthodoxy" in jianghu terminology.
Snail, a key inducer of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), plays an important role in cancer metastasis. To better understand the role of Snail in the metastasis of ovarian carcinoma, expression of Snail was knocked down by antisense-Snail in the highly metastatic ovarian cancer cell line HO8910PM. Gene array analysis revealed that blocking S...
To investigate the inhibitory effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, sirolimus on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1alpha protein and growth of ovarian carcinoma in an athymic mouse xenogeneic transplant model of ovarian cancer. Four groups of female nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with SKOV3 cells. After...

The purpose of the study was to explore the role and mechanism of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein in endometrial carcinogenesis. A reverse-phase protein array (RPPA) was used to analyze the expression of ATM signal pathway proteins in Ishikawa and progesterone-insensitive Ishikawa. ATM expression was detected in endometrium specimens by...
OCT4 plays a critical role in the maintenance of stem cell pluripotency and proliferation, and is overexpressed in multiple human tumors, including endometrial cancer. OCT4 expression can be modulated by miR-145 and the OCT4 pseudogene 5 (OCT4-pg5), which share similar binding sites in the OCT4 3'-untranslated region. The goal of the present study...
School of Humanities The School of Humanities, composed of three Departments and two Centers, offers two undergraduate programs, three master degree programs, one professional master degree program, and two Ph. D programs in four academic categoriess covering Chinese Language and Literature, History, Philosophy, and Art. The School has 1551 students and 141 full-time faculty members, among which 28 are professors, 3 are Zhiyuan chair professors, 1 is Jingyu Chair professor, and 6 are distinguished professors, 1 is elected in Shanghai Thousand Talents Program, 2 are involved in the New Century Excellent Talent Support Project of the MOE, China and 24 teachers hold overseas doctoral degrees. The School offers 40% of the core courses for liberal education in the whole university and undertaks a total number of 74 projects at the ministrial and provincial level or above, among which 41 are programs supported by the national social science foundation of China.
Objective To assess the effect of 17β-estradiol(E2) on cell proliferation, cell invasiveness and its regulation of MTA3, Snail and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) expression in the ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma cell line ES2, and to further investigate the mechanism involved. Methods We first investigated expression of ERα, ERβ, PR and E-cad...
Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other type of female reproductive cancer. The development of new therapeutic approaches is required due to the low survival rate using routine methods. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the gene silencing of mediator complex subunit 19 (MED19) on cell viability and tumor growth in ova...
Huang Yaoshi is very protective of his daughter and loves her with his life as she reminds him of his deceased wife. He imparts all his skills to her since she was a child and hoped to groom her to become his heir. When his daughter reaches adolescence, he decides to find a suitable husband for her. Ouyang Feng visits Peach Blossom Island with his nephew, Ouyang Ke, to propose a marriage between Ouyang Ke and Huang Rong. Huang Yaoshi favours Ouyang Ke and wants him to be his son-in-law. At the same time, Guo Jing also visits the island with his master, Hong Qigong. Hong Qigong nominates his apprentice to be Huang Yaoshi's son-in-law. Huang Yaoshi had met Guo Jing earlier at Guiyun Manor and wants to kill Guo to avenge Chen Xuanfeng.

Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...
ARHI is a Ras-related imprinted gene that inhibits cancer cell growth and motility. ARHI is downregulated in the majority of breast cancers, and loss of its expression is associated with its progression from ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) to invasive disease. In ovarian cancer, re-expression of ARHI induces autophagy and leads to autophagic death...
Our previous study revealed that estrogen regulates nm23-H1 expression thus promoting cell migration-invasion via activating PIK3/Akt pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of hormone on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha), a key factor in cancer invasion and metastasis, via activation of Akt signaling transduction pathway. We treated t...
School of International and Public Affairs School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), established in 2003 and located I the heart of downtown Shanghai, has developed itself into one of the most influential and international schools in political science and public administration in China. It is ranked as a top ten public policy school in China by the Chinese Ministry of Education. SIPA consists of four departments: Department of Comparative Politics, Department of Public Administration, Department of International Relations and Department of Public Economics & Social Policy. The school offers both academic and professional degrees in political science and public administration, including one doctoral degree program, six master’s degree programs and one MPA program (Master of Public Administration). MPA program at SIPA is one of the first of its kind among Chinese universities and well-known for its mid-career education. Currently, over 1,500 students from across the globe study at SIPA. In addition, the school also trains public officials, including many mayors and local leaders.
We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of FSHR in OET development. MCV152 cells wit...
School of Mechanical Engineering The history of the School of Mechanical Engineering (ME) , Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) dates back to 1913. The School has the vision of a world-class engineering school committed to high-level education and cutting edge research. It aims to offer the best learning experience to its students, the most rewarding working environment for its faculty and staff as well as the most effective service to industry and society. Among the 334 faculty members, 124 are professors, 152 are associate professors and 58 are assistant professors, and more than 5000 students are learning here. As one of the top Schools of Mechanical Engineering in China, it strives to increase its international competitiveness and global presence through quality teaching, advanced research and close collaboration with leading universities in the world. The alumni from the School, as scientists, engineers, educators, statesmen and entrepreneurs, always make outstanding contributions to the innovation of science and technology, and the development of the society.

To investigate the effects of sulindac metabolites on proliferation and apoptosis in the human umbilical vein endothelial cell line ECV304 in vitro. The proliferation profile of ECV304 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. Cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and the ultrastructure of ECV304 were detected by flow cytometry (FCM...
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