In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.

To compare the therapeutic and toxic profile of topotecan given intraperitoneally with intravenously in human ovarian cancer xenografted into athymic nude mice. Eighty female Balb-c/nu-nu mice were randomized assigned into eight groups (n=10). Xenografts resulted from intramesentery injection of cultured human ovarian cancer cells SKOV3 in athymic...
p53 is the most commonly mutated tumor suppressor gene in human cancers. In addition to the loss of tumor suppression function and exertion of dominant-negative effects over the remaining wild-type protein, several p53 mutants can gain novel oncogenic functions (gain-of-function, GOF) that actively regulate cancer development and progression. In hu...
Huang Yaoshi later regrets bitterly for inflicting such a heavy punishment on his innocent apprentices. He sets off to find his daughter, who has left home after quarrelling with her father. He meets Mei Chaofeng at Guiyun Manor on Lake Tai, where Lu Chengfeng has settled down. He agrees that Mei Chaofeng has been duly punished since she has lost her sense of sight and her husband. He forgives her and asks her to find his other apprentices and bring them back to the manor so he can heal their legs. However, he never saw his other apprentices again: Chen Xuanfeng was killed by Guo Jing; Qu Lingfeng was killed by Shi Yanming; Wu Mianfeng died of illness; Feng Mofeng has become a blacksmith and is killed by Jinlun Guoshi in the sequel. Huang Yaoshi later accepts Lu Chengfeng's son, Lu Guanying, and Qu Lingfeng's daughter, Shagu, as his grand-apprentices.
To explore possibility of vasculogenic mimicry induced by hypoxia and the inhibitive effect by sirolimus in epithelial ovarian carcinoma in vitro. Based on three-dimensional cell culture system developed by Matrigel, ovarian cell lines SKOV3 and ES2 were induced under conditions of hypoxia, hypoxia added with sirolimus and no-hypoxia, respectively....
The purpose of the study was to explore the role and mechanism of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein in endometrial carcinogenesis. A reverse-phase protein array (RPPA) was used to analyze the expression of ATM signal pathway proteins in Ishikawa and progesterone-insensitive Ishikawa. ATM expression was detected in endometrium specimens by...
... LiCl treatment can induce apoptosis in cancer cells (Kaufmann, 2011) and reduce the incidence of cancer of non-epithelial origin (Cohen et al., 1998). In addition, it has been shown that LiCl treatment can inhibit cancer cell proliferation through Wnt signaling ( Qi et al., 2006). In the present study, our results showed that LiCl treatment affects the expression of miR-17-92 cluster, which is known as oncomir-1 and plays vital roles in a variety of cellular processes such as cell proliferation and apoptosis. ...
When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, neither the Communist Party of China (CPC) nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan. During the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958.
Progestin is an effective endocrine treatment for patients with atypical hyperplasia or with endometrial carcinoma that is estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive. However, long-term progestin treatment may lead to resistance. We have studied the progestin resistance phenotype that frequently develops in endometrial...
Human homeobox gene (HOX) A10 is a homeobox allotype gene of the HOXA family in the HOX family. Human homeobox gene A10 may play an important role in cancer development. However, the role of HOXA10 in the carcinogenesis of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) has not been established. We have evaluated the prognostic significance of HOXA10 expr...
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and the FSH receptor contribute to tumor angiogenesis and are acknowledged risk factors for ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC). Accumulating evidence suggests that FSH can induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. We previously demonstrated that FSH induces r...
In June 1962, he was appointed Communist Party Secretary of Weishi County. In December, he became the Second Communist Party Secretary of Lankao County. This region had declined into poverty and ignorance. The county had long been plagued by dust storms, waterlogging, and alkaline lands.[3] Jiao Yulu devoted his energies to fight economic backwardness. He mobilized the local residents to contend with the poor natural conditions. Due to years of toil, Jiao Yulu broke down from constant overwork and he was diagnosed with liver cancer. But he continued his struggle against natural disasters. On May 14, 1964, he died of liver cancer, aged 42.[3]
Department of Physical Education Established in 1986, the Physical Education Department of Shanghai Jiao Tong University is directly affiliated to the university. After more than 30 years of development, it has one first-level discipline authorized to offer master degree. There are 82 faculty members including 5 professors, 2 chair professors and 1 academic leader. It has been continuously awarded the "Presedent Cup" for seven times in national university games. The Department focuses on talent cultivation since the very beginning. By adhering to the "four combinations", the department will take teaching as the core, mass sport as the foundation, competition as the highlight and scientific research as the driving force. It will work actively to build the first-level platform with the characteristics of SJTU to cultivate talents by physical education.
School of Marxism The School of Marxism, established in 2009, including 6 Teaching and Research Department and 2 researching centers. Offers the two and half year MP with about 20 students; the PhD program with 30 students in residence. Main researching directions are Theory of Marxism, Study of Marxism in China, Education in Ideology and Politics, Foreign Marxism. The school responsible for the teaching and management of the ideological and Political Theory Course.
We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of FSHR in OET development. MCV152 cells wit...

Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3), a newly recognized oncogene, is associated with tumor growth, metastasis, and poor prognosis in several types of cancer. However, its biological role and underlying mechanism in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remain poorly understood. Here, we found that GOLPH3 was overexpressed in EOC tissues and cell lines. This...
... This process takes place at the beginning of vascular development and during post-natal life (11,22). Myeloid cells and EPCs are recruited by pro-angiogenic or pro-inflammatory factors to the tumor vascular bed, where they differentiate into ECs and give place to neovasculature (23)(24)(25). Vasculogenesis has a modest impact on tumor vascularization when the angiogenesis pathway is active, however, it is recognized as an important rescue process when this pathway is blocked (10,26). For instance, when angiogenesis is inhibited after anti-angiogenic treatment or radiotherapy, myeloid cells, and EPCs are recruited by the stroma-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in response to an increased level of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) (10,26). ...
Genistein, the most abundant phytoestrogen in soybeans, may bind to estrogen receptors and perform anticancer activities. Choriocarcinoma is a malignant, trophoblastic and aggressive cancer of the placenta. Few studies are currently available concerning the effects of genistein on choriocarcinoma. In the present study, we investigated the effect of...
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