Huiyuan (Chinese: 慧遠; Wade–Giles: Hui-yüan; 334–416 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist teacher who founded Donglin Temple on Mount Lushan in Jiangxi province and wrote the text On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings in 404 AD. He was born in Shanxi province but after a long life of Buddhist teaching he wound up in Jiangxi province, where he died in 416. Although he was born in the north, he moved south to live within the bounds of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.


OCT4 plays a critical role in the maintenance of stem cell pluripotency and proliferation, and is overexpressed in multiple human tumors, including endometrial cancer. OCT4 expression can be modulated by miR-145 and the OCT4 pseudogene 5 (OCT4-pg5), which share similar binding sites in the OCT4 3'-untranslated region. The goal of the present study...
Objective To study the expression of intermediate? conductance? Ca2+-activatedK+ (KCa3.1) channelsin Endometrial cancer tissues and their role in regulating cell cycle of endometrial cancer cells.Methods Real?time PCR and Western blotting analysis were used to examine the expression of KCa3.1 channels in 25 normal endometrial specimens,26 atypical...
To investigate the involvement of estrogen receptor (ER) beta in the proliferation of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma by restoring ERbeta expression in a cell line ES-2. A plasmid with full length ERbeta cDNA, pRSV-ERbeta and its negative vector control pRSV were introduced into ES-2. The cells transfected were named according to the plasmids: ES...
To study the expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) and its correlation with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in epithelial ovarian neoplasm. Streptavidin-peroxidase complex technique was used to examine the expression of GLUT1, bFGF and PCNA protein in six cases of normal ovarian tissue, 20 c...

Our previous study revealed that estrogen regulates nm23-H1 expression thus promoting cell migration-invasion via activating PIK3/Akt pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of hormone on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha), a key factor in cancer invasion and metastasis, via activation of Akt signaling transduction pathway. We treated t...

Although glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) might act as a tumor suppressor since its inhibition is expected to mimic the activation of Wnt-signaling pathway, GSK-3beta may contribute to NF-kappaB activation in cancer cells leading to increased cancer cell proliferation and survival. Here we report that GSK-3beta activity was involved in the prolif...

To establish a sprouting embryoid body model mimicking early embryonic vasculogenesis in human embryo. Human embryonic stem were (hESCs) were cultured on the mouse embryo fibroblasts and then were induced to differentiate to form three-dimensional EB. The hEBs were cultured in media containing various angiogenesis-related factors: vascular endothel...


Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful an...
The Joint Institute has tuition-waived student exchange agreements with a several leading universities as well as various programs with the university of Michigan. If your university is a member of the Global E³ Network or you believe that your institution has an exchange agreement with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), please contact your international programs office for information on how to apply.
Large amount of clinical evidence has demonstrated that insulin resistance is closely related to oncogenesis of endometrial cancer (EC). Despite recent studies showed the up-regulatory role of insulin in G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER/GPR30) expression, GPER expression was not decreased compared to control when insulin receptor was block...
Metformin plays an important role in the inhibition of cancer cell growth and prolongs remission durations. It reverses progestin-resistance in endometrial cancer cells by downregulating glyoxalase I (GloI) expression. This study aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on endometrial cancer cell chemotherapeutic sensitivity and explore the und...
Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.
Genistein, the most abundant phytoestrogen in soybeans, may bind to estrogen receptors and perform anticancer activities. Choriocarcinoma is a malignant, trophoblastic and aggressive cancer of the placenta. Few studies are currently available concerning the effects of genistein on choriocarcinoma. In the present study, we investigated the effect of...
The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987.
To assess the clinical features and prognostic factors of malignant ovarian teratoma. Eighty-four patients with malignant ovarian teratoma between 1954 and 2001 were studied retrospectively. All patients were treated with surgery, the mid-period of follow-up was 146 months. Patient characteristics, surgical therapy, pathologic diagnosis, histologic...

In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) is an aggressive ovarian malignancy with a poor prognosis. The role of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) in the development of OCCA remains to be clarified. To investigate the action of ERβ in the proliferation and invasion of OCCA cells, the ES-2 cell line was stably transfected with full-length human ERβ cDNA, and...
Extensive exposure to estrogen is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer. Given that the accumulation of adipocytes also contributes to the increased production of estrogen, in the present study, we evaluated the expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene in endometrial tumor tissues and further explored th...
To explore possibility of vasculogenic mimicry induced by hypoxia and the inhibitive effect by sirolimus in epithelial ovarian carcinoma in vitro. Based on three-dimensional cell culture system developed by Matrigel, ovarian cell lines SKOV3 and ES2 were induced under conditions of hypoxia, hypoxia added with sirolimus and no-hypoxia, respectively....
AAeronautics and AstronauticsAgriculture and BiologyAntai College of Economic and ManagementBBiomedical EngineeringCChemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina Europe International Business SchoolChina-UK Low Carbon CollegeEElectronic, Information and Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental Sciences and EngineeringFForeign LanguagesHHumanitiesIInternational and Public AffairsKKoGuan Law SchoolLLife Sciences and BiotechnologyMMarxismMaterials Science and EngineeringMathematical SciencesMechanical Engineering Media and DesignMedicineNNaval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringPPharmacyPhysical EducationPhysics and AstronomySShanghai Advanced Institute of FinanceSJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology U UM-SJTU Joint Institute USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry Z Zhiyuan College
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