Up to 30% of failure rate in endometrial hyperplasia patients treated by progestin urges more detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in progestin resistance. Survivin is a key regulator in the antiapoptotic network, and overexpression of survivin has been reported in endometrial hyperplasia and cancer. This study investigated the role of...
To investigate the correlation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or micro-vessel density (MVD). The ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 was transplanted into nude mice to form xenogeneic tumor. Mice were treated with rapamycin 4 mg/kg, sulindac 100 mg/(kg.d) and saline 200 microl respectively. Express...
Our previous study revealed that estrogen regulates nm23-H1 expression thus promoting cell migration-invasion via activating PIK3/Akt pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of hormone on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha), a key factor in cancer invasion and metastasis, via activation of Akt signaling transduction pathway. We treated t... 

Progestin resistance is the main obstacle to successful conservative therapy in young endometrial cancer patients. To investigate the molecular events that lead to progestin resistance and to find a possible way to reverse progestin resistance in endometrial cancer, we established a progestin-resistant Ishikawa cell line by long-term progestin trea...
Jiao Yulu (16 August 1922 – 14 May 1964) was a Chinese politician. Jiao Yulu was a symbol of the honest Party cadre who devotes himself tirelessly to the Communist State.[1] Jiao Yulu was considered to be a glorious example - Mao Zedong's good student during the period of personal worship. After his death, a campaign to study Jiao Yulu's example was started in 1966. The aim of the campaign was to boost morale and to rally the people to work harder to overcome difficulties. Party members in particular were called upon to follow Jiao Yulu's example by conducting more research and investigations into local conditions, and learn from his leadership style.[2]

Progestin resistance is the main obstacle to successful conservative therapy in young endometrial cancer patients. To investigate the molecular events that lead to progestin resistance and to find a possible way to reverse progestin resistance in endometrial cancer, we established a progestin-resistant Ishikawa cell line by long-term progestin trea...
School of Electronic, Information and Electrical Engineering The School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering (SEIEE) at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) was established in 2001, with its glorious history traced back to 1908 when the discipline of Electric Machines was founded. With a century-long history of reputation in research and education, SEIEE is crowned as “the Cradle of Chinese Electrical Engineers”. The school now has 12 departments and principal units including the Department of Electrical Engineering, the Department of Automation, the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, the Department of Electronic Engineering, the Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, the Department of Micro-Nano Electronics, the School of Cyber Security, the School of Software, the Academy of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, the Center for Advanced Electronic Materials and Devices, the Center for Teaching and Learning Development, and the Cooperative Medianet Innovation Center.
UM-SJTU Joint Institute The UM-SJTU Joint Institute (JI) was jointly established in 2006 by two premier universities, the University of Michigan and Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The mission of JI is to build a world-class educational and research institute in China and foster future researchers and leaders with a global perspective. Abiding by the philosophy of “Internationalization, Interdisciplinary, Innovation, and Quality”, JI adopts curriculums blending the unique features of the two founding universities. Both of its undergraduate majors, Mechanical Engineering (ME) and Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE), achieved the world’s most authoritative ABET accreditation. All courses are taught in English by world-class faculty recruited from global leading universities in the U.S. and other developed countries. Many are winners of prestigious awards such as Yangtze Scholar, 1000-talent Scholars, New Century Talents, Pujiang Scholars, and Shanghai Magnolia Gold and Silver Awards. JI has won many awards for higher education innovation, including the “Model of Chinese Higher Education Reform” from the Chinese State Council and the “Andrew Heiskell Award for Innovation in Higher Education” from the Institute of International Education, one of the most prestigious awards in international education.

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics The School of Aeronautics and Astronautics (SAA) is the main body of SJTU to cultivate talents for aerospace. The school consist of 3 departments and 2 research centers, namely, Department of Aircraft Design, Department of Aerospace Information and Control, Department of Propulsion, Near Space Research Center and J.C. Wu Center of Aerodynamics. Currently, SAA has more than 60 faculty members, 15 professors/researchers, 28 associate professors/associate researchers, which includes 2 Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 3 National “1000 Plan” Scholars, 2 Cheung Kong Professor. The school has 72 Doctoral Candidates, 205 Master Candidates, 112 Undergraduate students and 38 international students. SAA has maintained close and wide-ranging research cooperation and academic exchanges with many famous overseas universities and research institutions. The school also engages in visionary research projects to meet future demands and train highly qualified aerospace professionals for the future development of the world’s aerospace industry.


To make the competition for his daughter's hand-in-marriage a fair one, Huang Yaoshi sets a series of three tests for the two contestants: Guo Jing and Ouyang Ke. The first obstacle is a test of martial arts. Ouyang Feng spars with Guo Jing while Hong Qigong fights Ouyang Ke. Guo Jing wins the first bout but ties with Ouyang Ke in the subsequent round, which involves appreciation of a piece of music played by Huang Yaoshi. The last assessment is a test of memory, in which Huang Yaoshi produces an incomplete copy of the Nine Yin Manual, without identifying the book, and asks the two contestants to memorise the text and recite to him later. Guo Jing read the manual before so he recites fluently and defeats Ouyang Ke.
... Mediator complex subunit 19 (MED19) is a member of the mediator that has a key role in the activation and repression of signal transduction or the regulation of transcription in carcinomas ( Casamassimi and Napoli, 2007;Sun et al, 2011). Accumulating evidence has shown that MED19 has important roles in cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, and suppression of MED19 expression induces inhibition of cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in several different tumour types including lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer ( Liu et al, 2012;Wei et al, 2015). Then we speculated that miR-214 played tumorigenic role by its target MED19 in CRC. ...
In the year 404, Huiyuan wrote a treatise On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings (沙門不敬王者論).[4] This book symbolized his efforts to assert the political independence of Buddhist clergy from the courts of monarchic rulers. At the same time, it was a religious and political text that aimed to convince monarchs and Confucian-minded ministers of state that followers of Buddhism were ultimately not subversive. He argued that Buddhists could make good subjects in a kingdom due to their beliefs in retribution of karma and the desire to be reborn in paradise. Despite the Buddhists' reputation of leaving their family behind for a monastic life, Huiyuan stated "those who rejoice in the Way of the Buddha invariably first serve their parents and obey their lords."[1]
China Europe International Business School China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), a joint-venture for management education, was co-founded by the Chinese government and European Union (EU) in 1994, with Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the EFMD serving as its executive partners. As China's only business school to originate from government-level collaboration, CEIBS is committed to educating responsible leaders versed in "China Depth, Global Breadth" in line with its motto of "Conscientiousness, Innovation and Excellence". Leaders from the Chinese central government and the EU have respectively lauded CEIBS as "a cradle of excellent executives" and "a role model of EU-China cooperation". CEIBS offers MBA, EMBA, Global EMBA, Finance MBA and Executive Education programmes. Renowned for its academic rigour, CEIBS is the first business school on the Chinese mainland to have been accredited by both EQUIS and AACSB and the only business school in Asia to have simultaneously made it to the Financial Times' top 30 list of MBA, EMBA and Executive Education programmes.
Obesity is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer, as accumulated adipocytes partly contribute to the increased production of estrogen which is involved in dysregulated cell growth and metastasis in early endometrial carcinogenesis. Thus we evaluated in this study expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene...
... These clinical and basic science studies therefore suggest that P4 might be useful as an adjunct treatment for ovarian cancer. In fact one study using a xenograph ovarian tumor model has shown that high doses of P4 enhance the apoptotic action of cisplatin [5], which is consistent with a very limited clinical trial data [6]. Unfortunately other trials in both animal and humans have been relatively unsuccessful (See review by Ho [2]). ...
To express tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) protein using endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) and observe antitumor activity of secreted TRAIL in cell culture supernatant. EPC were isolated by immunomagnetic sorting. Human TRAIL plasmid was transfected into EPC by lipofectamine 2000. The cell culture supernatant was har...
Snail, a key inducer of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), plays an important role in cancer metastasis. To better understand the role of Snail in the metastasis of ovarian carcinoma, expression of Snail was knocked down by antisense-Snail in the highly metastatic ovarian cancer cell line HO8910PM. Gene array analysis revealed that blocking S...
Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities[24] which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%).[25] Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.
Objective To study the expression of intermediate? conductance? Ca2+-activatedK+ (KCa3.1) channelsin Endometrial cancer tissues and their role in regulating cell cycle of endometrial cancer cells.Methods Real?time PCR and Western blotting analysis were used to examine the expression of KCa3.1 channels in 25 normal endometrial specimens,26 atypical...

Huiyuan began studying the Zhuangzi and Laozi at a young age, as well as the teachings of Confucius. However, at the age of 21 he was converted in Hebei Province by the Buddhist Dao An, who was a Chinese disciple of a Kuchan missionary. Hearing the sermons of Dao An convinced Huiyuan to "leave the family" and embark on a life of Buddhist teachings.[1] Later, he became a patriarch of Donglin Temple (East Forest Temple) at Mount Lushan. His teachings were various, including the vinaya (戒律), meditation (禪法), abhidharma and Prajna or wisdom. Although Huiyuan did not take the initiative in establishing the relations with the secular world, he had contacts with court and gentry families. Huiyuan was on two occasions invited by the dictator Huan Xuan to take part in the discussions about the status of the clergy and Huiyuan defended the independence of the clergy. Members of the cultured classes came to live on Mount Lu as Huiyuan's lay disciples to take part in the religious life. Besides his teaching and interaction with lay followers of the Buddhist faith, he also upheld a learned correspondence with the monk Kumarajiva.[2]


To make the competition for his daughter's hand-in-marriage a fair one, Huang Yaoshi sets a series of three tests for the two contestants: Guo Jing and Ouyang Ke. The first obstacle is a test of martial arts. Ouyang Feng spars with Guo Jing while Hong Qigong fights Ouyang Ke. Guo Jing wins the first bout but ties with Ouyang Ke in the subsequent round, which involves appreciation of a piece of music played by Huang Yaoshi. The last assessment is a test of memory, in which Huang Yaoshi produces an incomplete copy of the Nine Yin Manual, without identifying the book, and asks the two contestants to memorise the text and recite to him later. Guo Jing read the manual before so he recites fluently and defeats Ouyang Ke.
Pyruvate kinase (PK) is a key enzyme in the process of glycolysis, catalyzing phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. Currently, PK isozyme type M2 (PKM2), one subtype of PK, has been proposed as a new tumor marker with high expression in various tumor tissues. Here we aimed to explore the effects of siRNAPKM2 on ovarian carcinoma (OC) cell lines...
... Interestingly, estradiol may play a dual role in modulating NRF2 activity. On the one hand, its metabolites activate NRF2 via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (independent of the ER) [29]. While recent studies demonstrated that estradiol leads to an activation of NRF2 in a wide range of cell types [30,31], the estradiol effect was only noted on protein and not on mRNA levels, suggesting that the main effect of estradiol is based on NRF2 protein stabilization [32]. ...

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) can induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines with little toxicity toward normal cells. It offers a promising therapeutic method against ovarian cancer. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could home to tumor lesion, and take part in angiogenesis. This study was to observe antitumo...


Because the activation of telomerase is a relatively early event in the progression of cervical carcinogenesis, the expression of the human telomerase RNA gene, TERC, has the potential to serve as a biomarker for both the diagnosis and prognosis of cervical neoplasias. In total, 83 research centers participated in the study, and 7786 patients were...


The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.
Although glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) might act as a tumor suppressor since its inhibition is expected to mimic the activation of Wnt-signaling pathway, GSK-3beta may contribute to NF-kappaB activation in cancer cells leading to increased cancer cell proliferation and survival. Here we report that GSK-3beta activity was involved in the prolif...

The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
To investigate the inhibitory effects of Snail--a zinc finger transcription factor, anti-sense plasmid on the invasion of ovary carcinoma cell lines in vitro. Four human ovarian carcinoma cell lines ES-2, OVCAR3, HO8910, HO8910PM were analyzed for the expression of Snail and E-cadherin mRNA by RT-PCR. Then anti-Snail plasmid transfection was introd...
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