... LiCl treatment can induce apoptosis in cancer cells (Kaufmann, 2011) and reduce the incidence of cancer of non-epithelial origin (Cohen et al., 1998). In addition, it has been shown that LiCl treatment can inhibit cancer cell proliferation through Wnt signaling ( Qi et al., 2006). In the present study, our results showed that LiCl treatment affects the expression of miR-17-92 cluster, which is known as oncomir-1 and plays vital roles in a variety of cellular processes such as cell proliferation and apoptosis. ...
... With respect to other cancers, lithium has been found to be lethal to neuroblastoma cells but not to normal nerve cells (11). A similar effect was found in ovarian cancer cells (12), although a subsequent similar study on ovarian cancer cells suggests only a more modest benefit (13). It is not clear from our reading of the two ovarian cancer papers why the results are significantly different from each other. ...
To evaluate the laparoscopic operation for early ovarian malignant tumor with low risk. Ten patients with ovarian malignant tumor who underwent laparoscopic total hysterectomy, pelvic lymph nodes dissection, bilateral adnexectomy, ovarian aortic and vein high ligation, omentectomy, and additional appendectomy. Eleven patients with the same diagnosi...
Chemoresistance is the major obstacle to cure endometrial cancer, whereas metformin has demonstrated sensitization to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer. A novel finding states that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) involves in cancer chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed that epigenetic modifications facilitate chemoresistance. However, wh...
To investigate the effects of sulindac metabolites on the proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cell line ECV304 in vitro. The proliferation of ECV304 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. The cell cycle, apoptosis and the ultrastructure of ECV304 were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and electron mi...
Antai College of Economics and Management Antai College of Economics and Management (ACEM), Shanghai Jiao Tong University boasts a rich history and tradition which dates back to the Business School of Nan Yang Public School founded in 1903. ACEM is dedicated to educate economic and management talents with international competencies. It promotes scientific and academic innovation, caters to economic and social development, and supports the growth of business. After over 30 years’ unremitting efforts, ACEM has established itself as a modern business school with a good reputation home and abroad, and the first business school in mainland China to have been triply accredited by AACSB, EQUIS and AMBA, the three largest and most influential business school accreditation associations in the world.
School of Medicine SJTUSM was formally approved under the“211 Project” as a state key university for full development in November, 1997. In July, 2005, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Shanghai Second Medical University merged to form the new Shanghai Jiao Tong University, jointly supported by Shanghai Municipal Government and the Ministry of Education. In November, 2010, SJTUSM became one of the first ten universities jointly supported by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education. The rich historic background of over one hundred years and heroic journey of more than 50 years have eventually brought about a research-oriented medical school with all-round development in medical education, clinical services, and scientific research, as well as other social services, a medical school with outstanding features and distinct advantages, a strong faculty, and remarkable academic achievements. In the new round of evaluating disciplines in degree and graduate programs organized by the Ministry of Education in 2009, clinical medicine of SJTUSM ranked first nationally, and the comprehensive strength of various disciplines belonged to the first echelon of the nation's medical schools.
Shortly after his marriage to Feng Heng, Huang Yaoshi met Wang Chongyang's junior, Zhou Botong. He learnt from Zhou Botong that Wang Chongyang had died and that Zhou had inherited the Nine Yin Manual. He wanted the book for himself so he tricked Zhou Botong into allowing his wife to read it. Zhou Botong agreed and let her read the second volume of the manual. Feng Heng had eidetic memory so she memorised the book easily. She lied to Zhou Botong that the manual was fake and that it was actually a copy of a book of childish rites she had memorised by heart. She recited the first few verses of the manual verbatim to Zhou Botong, who mistakenly believed her and destroyed the book in anger. After Zhou Botong left, Feng Heng wrote a copy of the manual from memory for her husband.

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) has been well studied in the initiation and development of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). As yet, it has been largely neglected for estrogen sensitivity in local endometrium in hyperinsulinemia-induced systemic microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin in regulating...
... With respect to other cancers, lithium has been found to be lethal to neuroblastoma cells but not to normal nerve cells (11). A similar effect was found in ovarian cancer cells (12), although a subsequent similar study on ovarian cancer cells suggests only a more modest benefit (13). It is not clear from our reading of the two ovarian cancer papers why the results are significantly different from each other. ...
Its population was 3,700,000 at the 2016 census whom 1,301,732 live in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts (Jiefang, Shanyang, Zhongzhan and Macun) and Bo'ai County being urbanized. Jiaozuo enjoys a humid subtropical climate with continental climate influences. Winters are cool and relatively dry while summers are hot and often rainy. Average temperature ranges from 0.3 °C in January to 27.5 °C in July. Extremes exist from -22.4 °C to 43.6 °C. Precipitation averages 659 mm.
To investigate the inhibitory effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, sirolimus on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1alpha protein and growth of ovarian carcinoma in an athymic mouse xenogeneic transplant model of ovarian cancer. Four groups of female nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with SKOV3 cells. After...
In the same year, Feng Heng was pregnant with Huang Rong. When she learnt that the copy she wrote had been stolen, she attempted to write another from memory for her husband. However, the stress was too much for her to bear so she died shortly after giving birth to Huang Rong. Huang Yaoshi was deeply tramautised by the loss of his wife and driven to near-insanity. He vented his anger on his other four apprentices (Qu Lingfeng, Lu Chengfeng, Wu Mianfeng and Feng Mofeng) by crippling them and banishing them from his island.

Jiao Yulu was born in Yuanquan Town of Boshan District, in Zibo city, in Shandong province, to a poor family, on August 16, 1922, during the Republic of China.[3] Both his father Jiao Fangtian (焦方田) and mother were farmers.[3] He had only four years of schooling.[3] His father hanged himself during the Second Sino-Japanese War.[3] Jiao Yulu was conscripted into the Japanese labor and he was sent to coal-mining in Fushun, Liaoning, Manchoukuo.[3] He escaped to Suqian, Jiangsu in the fall of 1943.[3] He had been a farm labourer for two years for the landowner Hu Tairong (胡泰荣).[3]
... ovarian diameter must be ≥ 31 mm. The presence of PFOs was evaluated binary, thereby the visualization of at least one side (unilateral)/individual was considered positive [129] . It has to be recognized that an PFO/ " PCO " is according to Netter (1990) [21] just a " clinical finding similar to splenomegaly or hepatomegaly ; cystic ovaries are found in a multiplicity of states, which have nothing in common etiologically; the clinical management varies and is dependent on the etiology " . ...
School of Mathematical Sciences The School of Mathematical Sciences (SMS) enjoys a rich history dating back to the establishment of Department of Mathematics in 1928, 32 years after the founding of the university. One evidence of its place in modern mathematics in China is that the first Congress of the Chinese Mathematical Society was held in 1935 at SJTU. In 2014, the Department of Mathematics was selected by the central government as one of the first four Model Schools for Internationalization, which encourages us to be more internationalization in its practices, vision and outlook. With the growth in size, it was reorganized into the School of Mathematical Sciences in December 2015. With more than 100 faculties members, the school now consists of 3 departments (Mathematics, Applied and Computational Mathematics, and Statistics) and 1 center (Research Center for Mathematics Education).
A long-term treatment with progestin commonly results in progestin resistance in endometrial cancer. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of glyoxalase I (GloI), a mediator of chemotherapy resistance, in metformin reversal of progestin resistance in endometrial carcinoma. The proliferation variety of endometrial cancer cells was de...
Gankyrin has been implicated in the formation of multiple cancer types, although its roles in estrogen-driven endometrial carcinoma remain unclarified. We evaluated the expression of Gankyrin in endometrial tissues and further explored its roles in estrogen-driven and GPR30-mediated endometrial cancer cell proliferation. Gankyrin was overexpressed...

Luteinizing hormone (LH) plays an important role in the development of ovarian cancer, and has been shown to inhibit apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Similarly, survivin is a molecule that has been shown to inhibit apoptosis in other types of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether survivin can be induced by LH in ovaria...
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are able to give rise to a variety of cell lineages under specific culture condition. An effective strategy for stable genetic modification in hES cells may provide a powerful tool for study of human embryogenesis and cell-based therapies. However, gene silences are documented in hES cells. In current study, we inve...
The Joint Institute has tuition-waived student exchange agreements with a several leading universities as well as various programs with the university of Michigan. If your university is a member of the Global E³ Network or you believe that your institution has an exchange agreement with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), please contact your international programs office for information on how to apply.
Chemotherapy-resistance is the major obstacle for endometrial carcinoma patient administration. Accumulated evidences indicate that metformin sensitizes cancers from several different sites to chemotherapy drugs and reverses progestin resistance in endometrial cancer. Our group has demonstrated that metformin reverses progestin resistance and enhan...
To determine the role of oestrogen receptor α (ERα) in the regulation of survivin expression by 17β-estradiol (E(2)) in ovarian cancer cells and to evaluate the mechanism of E(2) action on ovarian cancer cell migration. We performed RT-PCR and Western blot analysis to assess the expression of ERα in the ovarian cancer cell lines NIH:OVCAR-3 and SKO...

School of Materials Science and Engineering School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University originated from the metal heat treatment major in 1952, and was established by merging Materials Science Department and Materials Engineering Department in 1997. The School has been ranked among ESI world top 1‰ disciplines for consecutive years, the discipline ranked 31st in 2016 QS world ranking and the 2nd among domestic disciplines. There are about 300 faculty and staff members, including 1 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,4 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 4 YangtzeRiver Scholars and 4 winners of the National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China. The School has about 1,500 students, including about 560 undergraduates, 470 master degree candidates, 360 doctoral candidates and 150 engineering masters. The School has formed 13 distinctive teaching and research teams by compacting discipline orientation and integrating academic teams.
In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
... The influence of E2 on iron metabolism as depicted in ▶ Fig. 1 has been attributed to its ability to reduce HAMP synthesis and maintain/enhance FPN expression in human breast (MCF-7) and ovarian (SKOV-3) cell lines [29][30][31]. Reduced HAMP synthesis in E2-treated human liver HuH7 and Hep-G2 cells was attributed to the binding of E2-ER to E2 responsive elements (EREs) in the HAMP gene [32,33]. Use of the E2 antagonist ICI 182,780 was shown to inhibit E2-induced downregulation of HAMP gene [33]. ...
... These clinical and basic science studies therefore suggest that P4 might be useful as an adjunct treatment for ovarian cancer. In fact one study using a xenograph ovarian tumor model has shown that high doses of P4 enhance the apoptotic action of cisplatin [5], which is consistent with a very limited clinical trial data [6]. Unfortunately other trials in both animal and humans have been relatively unsuccessful (See review by Ho [2]). ...

... This process takes place at the beginning of vascular development and during post-natal life (11,22). Myeloid cells and EPCs are recruited by pro-angiogenic or pro-inflammatory factors to the tumor vascular bed, where they differentiate into ECs and give place to neovasculature (23)(24)(25). Vasculogenesis has a modest impact on tumor vascularization when the angiogenesis pathway is active, however, it is recognized as an important rescue process when this pathway is blocked (10,26). For instance, when angiogenesis is inhibited after anti-angiogenic treatment or radiotherapy, myeloid cells, and EPCs are recruited by the stroma-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in response to an increased level of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) (10,26). ...
To study the expression of VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and its transcription factor Ets-1 on the interstitial neovasculogenesis in human cervical carcinoma on molecular level, which may provide further theoretic bases on judgement of prognosis and explain interregularity between neovasculagenetic factors. VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and Ets-1 were detected in 87 cervi...
To explore possibility of vasculogenic mimicry induced by hypoxia and the inhibitive effect by sirolimus in epithelial ovarian carcinoma in vitro. Based on three-dimensional cell culture system developed by Matrigel, ovarian cell lines SKOV3 and ES2 were induced under conditions of hypoxia, hypoxia added with sirolimus and no-hypoxia, respectively....
Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance The Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance (SAIF) was established by the Shanghai Municipal Government at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in April 2009. Its mission is to become a world class institute of research and higher learning with world class faculty. SAIF is committed to developing top talents for the financial world and to generate cutting-edge knowledge in financial theories and applications. As a member of Shanghai's financial community, it strives to contribute to the development of Shanghai as a global financial center.

China Europe International Business School China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), a joint-venture for management education, was co-founded by the Chinese government and European Union (EU) in 1994, with Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the EFMD serving as its executive partners. As China's only business school to originate from government-level collaboration, CEIBS is committed to educating responsible leaders versed in "China Depth, Global Breadth" in line with its motto of "Conscientiousness, Innovation and Excellence". Leaders from the Chinese central government and the EU have respectively lauded CEIBS as "a cradle of excellent executives" and "a role model of EU-China cooperation". CEIBS offers MBA, EMBA, Global EMBA, Finance MBA and Executive Education programmes. Renowned for its academic rigour, CEIBS is the first business school on the Chinese mainland to have been accredited by both EQUIS and AACSB and the only business school in Asia to have simultaneously made it to the Financial Times' top 30 list of MBA, EMBA and Executive Education programmes.
China Huiyuan Juice Group Limited (Chinese: 中国汇源果汁集团有限公司; pinyin: Zhōngguó Huìyuán Guǒzhī Jítuán Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī) (SEHK: 1886), established in 1992 and headquartered in Beijing, is the largest privately owned juice producer in China.[1] It is engaged in the manufacture and sales of juice and other beverage products. Its products include fruit juice and vegetable juice, nectars, bottled water, tea, and dairy drinks.[2]
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