Huiyuan began studying the Zhuangzi and Laozi at a young age, as well as the teachings of Confucius. However, at the age of 21 he was converted in Hebei Province by the Buddhist Dao An, who was a Chinese disciple of a Kuchan missionary. Hearing the sermons of Dao An convinced Huiyuan to "leave the family" and embark on a life of Buddhist teachings.[1] Later, he became a patriarch of Donglin Temple (East Forest Temple) at Mount Lushan. His teachings were various, including the vinaya (戒律), meditation (禪法), abhidharma and Prajna or wisdom. Although Huiyuan did not take the initiative in establishing the relations with the secular world, he had contacts with court and gentry families. Huiyuan was on two occasions invited by the dictator Huan Xuan to take part in the discussions about the status of the clergy and Huiyuan defended the independence of the clergy. Members of the cultured classes came to live on Mount Lu as Huiyuan's lay disciples to take part in the religious life. Besides his teaching and interaction with lay followers of the Buddhist faith, he also upheld a learned correspondence with the monk Kumarajiva.[2]
In 1896, the Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by the imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the Qing imperial government. Four schools were established: a normal school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school, and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin who proposed the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and is, along with missionary educator John Calvin Ferguson, regarded as the founder of the university.
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (SCCE) has a glorious history dating back to 1928. Inspired by the mottos “Prudence, Pragmaticality, Erudition, Innovation” at SCCE, we have been highly successful in the development of academic disciplines, research, and education excellence. After years of efforts, we have so far more than 160 faculty members, among whom there are four academicians of the Chinese Academy of Science, two chair professors supported by the “Thousand Talents Program”, and 11 experts supported by the “Thousand Young Talents Program”; a large number of scholars are supported by the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, the “Cheung Kong Scholars Program”, the “National 973 Project”, the “National Science Fund for Outstanding Scholars”, etc. We provide comprehensive education programs including three undergraduate programs, four postgraduate programs(two master and two Ph.D. programs), visiting student programs and post-doctoral programs. With its energetic faculty and various education programs, SCCE has been considered as one of the long-standing educators in the field of chemistry and chemical engineering in China.
... Temserolimus was FDA approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in 2007 and is currently being evaluated in several clinical trials for its use in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies, including ovarian carcinoma.[28] Cell culture studies [10,293031 and mouse models323334353637 also suggested that PI3K pathway inhibitors are efficient in suppressing ovarian cancer cell growth. We analyzed the effect of the PI3K, AKT and mTORC1 inhibitors LY294002, SH-6 and rapamycin, respectively, on ovarian cancer cell growth using established cell lines and fresh human tumor tissue. ...
Obesity is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer, as accumulated adipocytes partly contribute to the increased production of estrogen which is involved in dysregulated cell growth and metastasis in early endometrial carcinogenesis. Thus we evaluated in this study expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene...
Gestational diabetemellitus (GDM) is a condition whereby a mother's glucose tolerance is impaired with onset or first recognition during pregnancy which is not either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress plays an essential role in diabetes, however, whether it also includes in GDM has not been fully clarified. Therefore, we investig...
Objective: To investigate the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates (MCA) to cisplatin and taxol and to explore the possible mechanisms. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain MCA. We detected the resistance using trypan blue exclusion testing, clonogenic assay, cell cycle profiles and apoptosis with...
A long-term treatment with progestin commonly results in progestin resistance in endometrial cancer. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of glyoxalase I (GloI), a mediator of chemotherapy resistance, in metformin reversal of progestin resistance in endometrial carcinoma. The proliferation variety of endometrial cancer cells was de...
Human homeobox gene (HOX) A10 is a homeobox allotype gene of the HOXA family in the HOX family. Human homeobox gene A10 may play an important role in cancer development. However, the role of HOXA10 in the carcinogenesis of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) has not been established. We have evaluated the prognostic significance of HOXA10 expr...
... In vEDS cells, an ER perturbation was suggested by the abnormal ER distribution of the protein disulfide isomerase enzyme and by reduced expression of FKBP22, an ER resident peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans-ER isomerase involved in the folding of COLLIII triple helix [108,139,140]. Since the perturbed ER redox state may influence the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of the caspase-dependent apoptosis [141], and FKBP22 can have an anti-apoptotic role acting on the expression of Bcl-2 and caspases [142], this aspect merits further studies in vEDS fibroblasts. ...
Neovascularization is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. An adequate vasculature feeds tumor growth and enhances the potential of metastasis. For many years, tumor vessels were thought to be lined exclusively by endothelial cells (ECs). However, therapeutic benefits from the promising antiangiogenic strategy targeting genetically stable ECs...
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal malignancy of the female reproductive system with an overall mortality rate of greater than 70%. Our group has demonstrated that Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularization by increasing expression of va...

School of Media and Design Established in 2002, School of Media and Design (SMD) at Shanghai Jiao Tong University aims at educating a new generation of communication graduates who are not only equipped with critical thinking but also with creative capability. The School consists of four departments: Journalism & Communication, Film & Television, Design, and Cultural Industry & Management. To date, SMD has more than 90 faculty members. About 25% of them earned their doctoral degrees in the U.S., U.K., and other western countries. SMD also hosts more than 700 undergraduates, 300 master students, and 100 doctoral students. There are currently 324 international students in the school. Among them 104 are master or doctoral students who come from 55 countries including the U.S., U.K., France, Australia, Russia, South Korea, Pakistan etc. Many of them graduated from world prestigious universities like Princeton University, University of Chicago, University of South California and University of California-Los Angeles.
A few highly aggressive and malignant tumor cells could acquire identities by turning on genes expressed by endothelial cells and recruit blood vessels to sustain tumor growth. Hypoxia was reported recently to play an essential role in these events. These 'plastic' tumor-cell phenotypes and the exact mechanism driving transendothelial differentiati...
To investigate natural spontaneous menopausal age, menstruation span and their relationship with menarche age and parity in Pudong district of Shanghai. From Jan 2007 to Jul 2008, 15 083 spontaneous menopause women undergoing cervical cancer screening were enrolled in this study. The questionnaire included menarche age, parity, spontaneous menopaus...

... However, no clear morphologic changes were found between control cells and Snail-knockdown cells. 16 Although the Ecadherin expression could not be detected in these cells at protein lever (Fig. 1a), but there is significant upregulation of E-cadherin mRNA after knockdown expression of Snail (Fig. 1b), indicating that Snail is required to suppress the expression of E-cadherin in ovarian cancer. In addition, expression of fibronectin, one of the mesenchymal markers, was greatly downregulated in the stable antisense-Snail-transfected cells when compared with the parental cells (Fig. 1b). ...

Huang Yaoshi makes several brief appearances in the sequel. He rescues Cheng Ying from Li Mochou and accepts the child as his student. He develops a special bond with Yang Guo as both of them share the same distaste for the societal norms of their time, and he teaches Yang Guo two of his celebrated skills. Huang Yaoshi also participates in the defence of Xiangyang from Mongol invaders. At the end of the novel, he retains his original title as "Eastern Heretic" of the new "Five Greats" on Mount Hua, alongside Zhou Botong, Yang Guo, Guo Jing and Yideng.
Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3), a newly recognized oncogene, is associated with tumor growth, metastasis, and poor prognosis in several types of cancer. However, its biological role and underlying mechanism in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remain poorly understood. Here, we found that GOLPH3 was overexpressed in EOC tissues and cell lines. This...

Endometrial cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy among women. The molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of endometrial cancer are unclear, which has hampered the development of an effective treatment. Survivin, a newly identified member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, regulates 2 critical processes in neoplastic transfor...
Persistent unopposed estrogen stimulation is a central oncogenic mechanism driving the formation of type I endometrial cancer (EC). Recent epidemiologic and clinical studies of EC have also revealed a role for insulin resistance, clinically manifested by chronic inflammation. However, the role of inflammation in estrogen-driven EC is not well chara...
NANOG is a key transcription factor that is overexpressed and plays an important role in various cancers. Its overexpression is associated with highly tumorigenic, drug-resistant, and poor prognosis. However, the underlying mechanism of action of NANOG in ovarian cancer remains unclear. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is a critical p...
To elucidate the mechanisms of nuclear estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30)-mediated signaling in the regulation of proliferation in ER-positive and ER-negative endometrial cancer cells, two human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, Ishikawa (ER-positive) and KLE (ER-negative), were used. PCR and Western blot anal...

In 1945, after the defeat of the Japanese in the Second World War, he returned his hometown and joined a militia. He once took part in the battle of liberating Boshan District. Jiao Yulu joined the Communist Party of China in January 1946, and he soon was transferred to Bohai, Shandong and appointed a group leader of the Land Reform movement. By late Chinese Civil War, he worked in Weishi County, Henan province until 1951. In June 1953, he was transferred to Luoyang Mine Machine Manufacturing Plant and worked there until 1962.
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