In the year 404, Huiyuan wrote a treatise On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings (沙門不敬王者論).[4] This book symbolized his efforts to assert the political independence of Buddhist clergy from the courts of monarchic rulers. At the same time, it was a religious and political text that aimed to convince monarchs and Confucian-minded ministers of state that followers of Buddhism were ultimately not subversive. He argued that Buddhists could make good subjects in a kingdom due to their beliefs in retribution of karma and the desire to be reborn in paradise. Despite the Buddhists' reputation of leaving their family behind for a monastic life, Huiyuan stated "those who rejoice in the Way of the Buddha invariably first serve their parents and obey their lords."[1]
Its population was 3,700,000 at the 2016 census whom 1,301,732 live in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts (Jiefang, Shanyang, Zhongzhan and Macun) and Bo'ai County being urbanized. Jiaozuo enjoys a humid subtropical climate with continental climate influences. Winters are cool and relatively dry while summers are hot and often rainy. Average temperature ranges from 0.3 °C in January to 27.5 °C in July. Extremes exist from -22.4 °C to 43.6 °C. Precipitation averages 659 mm.
Zhiyuan College The Zhiyuan College, established in January 2010, offers “Zhiyuan Honors Program” to the top 5% SJTU undergraduates. Today, Zhiyuan has seven undergraduate programs: Mathematics, Physics, Life Science, Computer Science, Chemistry, Engineering and Biomedical Science. Aiming at cultivating top-notch talents into international academic masters, Zhiyuan College has recruited a group of eminent scholars from around the world to build first-class faculty team. Each year, Zhiyuan admits 350 students and there are 433 alumni worldwide currently, 90% of whom are pursuing further studies at top domestic and international universities and institutions. In addition to having a strong academic record, students who show a strong interest and the potential to pursue a research career are selected. In 2014, the talent training model of Zhiyuan College won the first-class award of “National Teaching Achievement Award”; and in 2016, “Zhiyuan Model” won “Cultivating Curiosity Award” and “Natural Sciences Award” of “Reimagine Education 2016”, which is jointly hosted by Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and QS—international institution for world university rankings on education.
Objective: To investigate the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates (MCA) to cisplatin and taxol and to explore the possible mechanisms. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain MCA. We detected the resistance using trypan blue exclusion testing, clonogenic assay, cell cycle profiles and apoptosis with...
Neovascularization is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. An adequate vasculature feeds tumor growth and enhances the potential of metastasis. For many years, tumor vessels were thought to be lined exclusively by endothelial cells (ECs). However, therapeutic benefits from the promising antiangiogenic strategy targeting genetically stable ECs...
Sun Min, wife of a Chinese businessman, was found guilty of insider trading in Huiyuan shares by the Market Misconduct Tribunal in Hong Kong. The businessman, Mo Feng, and Sun purchased 8.61 million shares in the company between 30 July and 29 August 2008, at between HK$3.78 and 4.66 (US$0.48–$0.60), then resold their shares HK$10.24–$11.12 (US$1.21–$1.43) each on 3–4 Sept. 2008, after Huiyuan's stock price had surged after the proposed takeover was announced. A profit of HK$55.1 million (US$7.09 million) was made from the trade.[9] Sun was convicted of having dealt in 3.13 million Huiyuan shares in August 2008[10] and was fined HK$20 million (US$2.56 million), the largest ever imposed for the crime in the territory.[11]
To express tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) protein using endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) and observe antitumor activity of secreted TRAIL in cell culture supernatant. EPC were isolated by immunomagnetic sorting. Human TRAIL plasmid was transfected into EPC by lipofectamine 2000. The cell culture supernatant was har...
To make the competition for his daughter's hand-in-marriage a fair one, Huang Yaoshi sets a series of three tests for the two contestants: Guo Jing and Ouyang Ke. The first obstacle is a test of martial arts. Ouyang Feng spars with Guo Jing while Hong Qigong fights Ouyang Ke. Guo Jing wins the first bout but ties with Ouyang Ke in the subsequent round, which involves appreciation of a piece of music played by Huang Yaoshi. The last assessment is a test of memory, in which Huang Yaoshi produces an incomplete copy of the Nine Yin Manual, without identifying the book, and asks the two contestants to memorise the text and recite to him later. Guo Jing read the manual before so he recites fluently and defeats Ouyang Ke.
OCT4 plays a critical role in the maintenance of stem cell pluripotency and proliferation, and is overexpressed in multiple human tumors, including endometrial cancer. OCT4 expression can be modulated by miR-145 and the OCT4 pseudogene 5 (OCT4-pg5), which share similar binding sites in the OCT4 3'-untranslated region. The goal of the present study...
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology The School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology was jointly founded by Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai branch) in 1997. The 139 faculty members, including 51 full professors and 60 associate professors, are dedicated to cultivating diverse and unique talents in undergraduate students and postgraduate researchers. The School is also home to the State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and the Key Laboratory for Genetics Development and Neuropsychiatric Disorder. Our faculties, led by two prominent members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have earned numerous prestigious awards and international recognitions. By the 2017 ESI-based matrix, we ranked in the top 1% world-wide in Biology and Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Microbiology, and Plant and Animal Science. Hosting two state-level education bases, we administer a six-year combined bachelor-master program and an eight-year bachelor-master-PhD program. 1193 students are currently enrolled, including 303 undergraduates and 890 graduate students.

To assess the estrogen and progestin's effect on protein expression of metastasis repression gene nm23-H1 via regulation of phosphorylation signaling in epithelial ovarian cancer cell line ES-2. Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinom cell line ES-2 was treated by different doses of 17beta-estradiol (estrogen), medroxyprogestogen (progestin) and dimethyl...
... This process takes place at the beginning of vascular development and during post-natal life (11,22). Myeloid cells and EPCs are recruited by pro-angiogenic or pro-inflammatory factors to the tumor vascular bed, where they differentiate into ECs and give place to neovasculature (23)(24)(25). Vasculogenesis has a modest impact on tumor vascularization when the angiogenesis pathway is active, however, it is recognized as an important rescue process when this pathway is blocked (10,26). For instance, when angiogenesis is inhibited after anti-angiogenic treatment or radiotherapy, myeloid cells, and EPCs are recruited by the stroma-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in response to an increased level of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) (10,26). ...
Objective: To investigate the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and the relationship with cell cycle profiles in ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain multicellular aggregates. Expression of P-gp and MRP was detected with flow cyt...
Our previous study revealed that estrogen regulates nm23-H1 expression thus promoting cell migration-invasion via activating PIK3/Akt pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of hormone on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha), a key factor in cancer invasion and metastasis, via activation of Akt signaling transduction pathway. We treated t...
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