Objective To assess the effect of 17β-estradiol(E2) on cell proliferation, cell invasiveness and its regulation of MTA3, Snail and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) expression in the ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma cell line ES2, and to further investigate the mechanism involved. Methods We first investigated expression of ERα, ERβ, PR and E-cad...

Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are able to give rise to a variety of cell lineages under specific culture condition. An effective strategy for stable genetic modification in hES cells may provide a powerful tool for study of human embryogenesis and cell-based therapies. However, gene silences are documented in hES cells. In current study, we inve...
On February 13, 2004, Yuntai Mountain as the fifth in the world, the third in the country China, was named the world's first World Geopark by UNESCO and caused attention at home and abroad. Meanwhile, Yuntaishan is also a national scenic spot, National Civilized Scenic Area, the first national AAAAA-level scenic spot, national natural heritage, national forest parks, national macaque nature reserve. Yuntain Mountain also has Asia's highest head drop waterfall.

Objective: This research was carried out to investigate the effectiveness, rationality, and safety of laparotomy management compared with uterine artery embolization (UAE) combined with methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of deep implantation cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP II). Materials and methods: Data from 29 patients seen between June 2008 and...
Progestin resistance is the main obstacle to successful conservative therapy in young endometrial cancer patients. To investigate the molecular events that lead to progestin resistance and to find a possible way to reverse progestin resistance in endometrial cancer, we established a progestin-resistant Ishikawa cell line by long-term progestin trea...
Shortly after his marriage to Feng Heng, Huang Yaoshi met Wang Chongyang's junior, Zhou Botong. He learnt from Zhou Botong that Wang Chongyang had died and that Zhou had inherited the Nine Yin Manual. He wanted the book for himself so he tricked Zhou Botong into allowing his wife to read it. Zhou Botong agreed and let her read the second volume of the manual. Feng Heng had eidetic memory so she memorised the book easily. She lied to Zhou Botong that the manual was fake and that it was actually a copy of a book of childish rites she had memorised by heart. She recited the first few verses of the manual verbatim to Zhou Botong, who mistakenly believed her and destroyed the book in anger. After Zhou Botong left, Feng Heng wrote a copy of the manual from memory for her husband.
China Europe International Business School China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), a joint-venture for management education, was co-founded by the Chinese government and European Union (EU) in 1994, with Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the EFMD serving as its executive partners. As China's only business school to originate from government-level collaboration, CEIBS is committed to educating responsible leaders versed in "China Depth, Global Breadth" in line with its motto of "Conscientiousness, Innovation and Excellence". Leaders from the Chinese central government and the EU have respectively lauded CEIBS as "a cradle of excellent executives" and "a role model of EU-China cooperation". CEIBS offers MBA, EMBA, Global EMBA, Finance MBA and Executive Education programmes. Renowned for its academic rigour, CEIBS is the first business school on the Chinese mainland to have been accredited by both EQUIS and AACSB and the only business school in Asia to have simultaneously made it to the Financial Times' top 30 list of MBA, EMBA and Executive Education programmes.
School of International and Public Affairs School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), established in 2003 and located I the heart of downtown Shanghai, has developed itself into one of the most influential and international schools in political science and public administration in China. It is ranked as a top ten public policy school in China by the Chinese Ministry of Education. SIPA consists of four departments: Department of Comparative Politics, Department of Public Administration, Department of International Relations and Department of Public Economics & Social Policy. The school offers both academic and professional degrees in political science and public administration, including one doctoral degree program, six master’s degree programs and one MPA program (Master of Public Administration). MPA program at SIPA is one of the first of its kind among Chinese universities and well-known for its mid-career education. Currently, over 1,500 students from across the globe study at SIPA. In addition, the school also trains public officials, including many mayors and local leaders.

SJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology The SJTU – ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology (SPEIT) brings together the strengths of leading French Grandes Ecoles (Ecole Polytechnique, Mines ParisTech, Telecom ParisTech, ENSTA ParisTech) and of Shanghai Jiao Tong University to develop Sino-French research and innovation collaboration and to educate high-potential Chinese and international students to become industrial leaders and innovators with: • a broad-based scientific background • the ability to evolve in a multicultural business environment • a forefront knowledge in one specialty field: Information and Communication Technology, Mechanical Engineering and Power and Energy Engineering. SPEIT enrolled its first students in 2012. In 2013, SPEIT was inaugurated by preceding French President, Mr François Hollande. In 2015, it got the accreditation of French Commission des Titres d’Ingénieurs and EUR-ACE: SPEIT graduates are awarded French titre d’ingénieur, which is internationally acknowledged as an equivalent to a Master in Engineering Science. In June 2016, SPEIT was granted an excellent Sino-French collaboration award by Chinese Vice-Prime Minister and French Minister of Education.

Metformin plays an important role in the inhibition of cancer cell growth and prolongs remission durations. It reverses progestin-resistance in endometrial cancer cells by downregulating glyoxalase I (GloI) expression. This study aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on endometrial cancer cell chemotherapeutic sensitivity and explore the und...
Sun Min, wife of a Chinese businessman, was found guilty of insider trading in Huiyuan shares by the Market Misconduct Tribunal in Hong Kong. The businessman, Mo Feng, and Sun purchased 8.61 million shares in the company between 30 July and 29 August 2008, at between HK$3.78 and 4.66 (US$0.48–$0.60), then resold their shares HK$10.24–$11.12 (US$1.21–$1.43) each on 3–4 Sept. 2008, after Huiyuan's stock price had surged after the proposed takeover was announced. A profit of HK$55.1 million (US$7.09 million) was made from the trade.[9] Sun was convicted of having dealt in 3.13 million Huiyuan shares in August 2008[10] and was fined HK$20 million (US$2.56 million), the largest ever imposed for the crime in the territory.[11]

Objective: The transcription factor Snail, which is implicated in the triggering of epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMT), plays an important role in adhesion, invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. In the present study, we assessed 17beta-Estradiol (E2)'s effect on Snail, E-cadherin and MMP-2 expression of epithelial ovarian cancer cell line...
To identify an effective auxiliary therapy for epithelial ovarian cancer. Progesterone acetate given at 250 mg intramuscularly twice a week for 1 month followed by increased administration to 500 mg intramuscularly every two weeks for 3 years was used in combination with platinum based chemotherapy to treat patients with epithelial ovarian cancer a...
... In vEDS cells, an ER perturbation was suggested by the abnormal ER distribution of the protein disulfide isomerase enzyme and by reduced expression of FKBP22, an ER resident peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans-ER isomerase involved in the folding of COLLIII triple helix [108,139,140]. Since the perturbed ER redox state may influence the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of the caspase-dependent apoptosis [141], and FKBP22 can have an anti-apoptotic role acting on the expression of Bcl-2 and caspases [142], this aspect merits further studies in vEDS fibroblasts. ...

To investigate the inhibitory effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, sirolimus on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1alpha protein and growth of ovarian carcinoma in an athymic mouse xenogeneic transplant model of ovarian cancer. Four groups of female nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with SKOV3 cells. After...
In the year 404, Huiyuan wrote a treatise On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings (沙門不敬王者論).[4] This book symbolized his efforts to assert the political independence of Buddhist clergy from the courts of monarchic rulers. At the same time, it was a religious and political text that aimed to convince monarchs and Confucian-minded ministers of state that followers of Buddhism were ultimately not subversive. He argued that Buddhists could make good subjects in a kingdom due to their beliefs in retribution of karma and the desire to be reborn in paradise. Despite the Buddhists' reputation of leaving their family behind for a monastic life, Huiyuan stated "those who rejoice in the Way of the Buddha invariably first serve their parents and obey their lords."[1]

To investigate the involvement of estrogen receptor (ER) beta in the proliferation of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma by restoring ERbeta expression in a cell line ES-2. A plasmid with full length ERbeta cDNA, pRSV-ERbeta and its negative vector control pRSV were introduced into ES-2. The cells transfected were named according to the plasmids: ES...
Extensive exposure to estrogen is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer. Given that the accumulation of adipocytes also contributes to the increased production of estrogen, in the present study, we evaluated the expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene in endometrial tumor tissues and further explored th...
Progesterone plays an important role in the regulation of normal endometrium function by binding to progesterone receptor (PR). In endometrial cancer, however, PR is always down-regulated. Previous reports showed that methylation in the promoter region of the PR gene may be responsible for PRB isoform repression. However, the CpG islands in the exo...
To identify new genetic risk factors for cervical cancer, we conducted a genome-wide association study in the Han Chinese population. The initial discovery set included 1,364 individuals with cervical cancer (cases) and 3,028 female controls, and we selected a 'stringently matched samples' subset (829 cases and 990 controls) from the discovery set...
Objective: To investigate the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates (MCA) to cisplatin and taxol and to explore the possible mechanisms. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain MCA. We detected the resistance using trypan blue exclusion testing, clonogenic assay, cell cycle profiles and apoptosis with...
The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.

School of Mathematical Sciences The School of Mathematical Sciences (SMS) enjoys a rich history dating back to the establishment of Department of Mathematics in 1928, 32 years after the founding of the university. One evidence of its place in modern mathematics in China is that the first Congress of the Chinese Mathematical Society was held in 1935 at SJTU. In 2014, the Department of Mathematics was selected by the central government as one of the first four Model Schools for Internationalization, which encourages us to be more internationalization in its practices, vision and outlook. With the growth in size, it was reorganized into the School of Mathematical Sciences in December 2015. With more than 100 faculties members, the school now consists of 3 departments (Mathematics, Applied and Computational Mathematics, and Statistics) and 1 center (Research Center for Mathematics Education).

Human homeobox gene (HOX) A10 is a homeobox allotype gene of the HOXA family in the HOX family. Human homeobox gene A10 may play an important role in cancer development. However, the role of HOXA10 in the carcinogenesis of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) has not been established. We have evaluated the prognostic significance of HOXA10 expr...


Aberrant nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NRF2) expression correlates with tumor development. We investigated NRF2 expression in ovarian epithelial carcinoma (OEC), aiming to identify associations with clinicopathological factors, hormones and induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Immunohistochemical staining for NRF2 expression was performed on 10 ben...
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU; Chinese: 上海交通大学) is a major research university in Shanghai. Established on April 8, 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, it has been referred to as "The MIT of the East" since the 1930s.[5][6][7] It is renowned as one of the oldest, most prestigious and selective universities in China. Shanghai Jiao Tong is a C9 League university and a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[8]
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common cancers which cause female mortality. The knowledge of ovarian cancer initiation and progression is critical to develop new therapeutic strategies to treat and prevent it. Recently, SOX3 has been reported to play a pivotal role in tumor progression. However, the clinical significance of SOX3 in human ovarian...
Huang Yaoshi is married to Feng Heng and has six apprentices. He has scores of servants on his island, who are deaf and mute. Rumours in the jianghu say that he intentionally disabled them, but in fact, they were already mute and deaf before they became his servants. He recruited them as his servants to relieve them from the social stigma of their impairments so that they can enjoy a better life on his island. However, he does not wish to promote an image of himself as a kind and compassionate person so he spread those negative rumours about himself. Only his family and apprentices know the truth.
Background: The aim of present study was to investigate the role of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) used as a prognostic marker for predicting response and survival outcomes in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) who are receiving platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients and methods: Patients with a new diagnosis of EOC receiving p...
To investigate the effects of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Ovarian cancer cells of the lines SKOV-3 and ES-2 were cultured, and treated by FSH of the concentrations of 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mU/ml for 48 h or 24 h respectively. The cells without FSH treatment we...
Our previous study showed that Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) expression was upregulated and significantly associated with histological grade through the analysis of OCT4 expression in 159 ovarian cancer tissue samples, and OCT4 mediated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced anti-apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer. Neverthel...
We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of FSHR in OET development. MCV152 cells wit...

... Interestingly, estradiol may play a dual role in modulating NRF2 activity. On the one hand, its metabolites activate NRF2 via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (independent of the ER) [29]. While recent studies demonstrated that estradiol leads to an activation of NRF2 in a wide range of cell types [30,31], the estradiol effect was only noted on protein and not on mRNA levels, suggesting that the main effect of estradiol is based on NRF2 protein stabilization [32]. ...


To identify new genetic risk factors for cervical cancer, we conducted a genome-wide association study in the Han Chinese population. The initial discovery set included 1,364 individuals with cervical cancer (cases) and 3,028 female controls, and we selected a 'stringently matched samples' subset (829 cases and 990 controls) from the discovery set...
Objective To assess the effect of 17β-estradiol(E2) on cell proliferation, cell invasiveness and its regulation of MTA3, Snail and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) expression in the ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma cell line ES2, and to further investigate the mechanism involved. Methods We first investigated expression of ERα, ERβ, PR and E-cad...
Objective: To investigate the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates (MCA) to cisplatin and taxol and to explore the possible mechanisms. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain MCA. We detected the resistance using trypan blue exclusion testing, clonogenic assay, cell cycle profiles and apoptosis with...
To compare the efficacy of combination regiments of taxol given weekly plus carboplatin and taxol given every three weeks plus carboplatin. To observe the toxicity of the two regiments. To observe the two-year survival rate in the two groups. Total 125 eligible patients in 13 centers of CGOG were entered into the two arms of this randomized clinica...
Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship among the protein levels of MCM7, p63, and human papillomavirus (HPV) in different cervical lesion tissues and appraise their predictive value in evaluating severity of cervical disease. Methods: Twelve normal cervix or chronic cervicitis, 42 squamous intraepithelial lesions...

... The influence of E2 on iron metabolism as depicted in ▶ Fig. 1 has been attributed to its ability to reduce HAMP synthesis and maintain/enhance FPN expression in human breast (MCF-7) and ovarian (SKOV-3) cell lines [29][30][31]. Reduced HAMP synthesis in E2-treated human liver HuH7 and Hep-G2 cells was attributed to the binding of E2-ER to E2 responsive elements (EREs) in the HAMP gene [32,33]. Use of the E2 antagonist ICI 182,780 was shown to inhibit E2-induced downregulation of HAMP gene [33]. ...


On 3 September 2008, Atlantic Industries, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, agreed to buy China Huiyuan Juice for HK$17.9 billion at HK$12.20 per share, three times more than its closing price of HK$4.14 on the previous day. Its shares closed at HK$10.94 on that day.[4] The proposed takeover was subject to anti-monopoly review by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce, which was scheduled to finish on 20 March 2009.[5] On 17 March, it was reported that Coca-Cola was considering abandoning the deal, as Chinese authorities insisted on relinquishing the Huiyuan brand name after acquisition.[6] On 18 March, the Ministry of Commerce disallowed the bid, citing market competition concerns.[7][8]
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