Our previous study showed that Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) expression was upregulated and significantly associated with histological grade through the analysis of OCT4 expression in 159 ovarian cancer tissue samples, and OCT4 mediated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced anti-apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer. Neverthel...
To investigate the effects of sulindac metabolites on the proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cell line ECV304 in vitro. The proliferation of ECV304 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. The cell cycle, apoptosis and the ultrastructure of ECV304 were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and electron mi...

School of Pharmacy SJTU School of Pharmacy was founded in 2000, and now it has 85 academic, administrative and technical staff members. The School has 17 research and teaching laboratories covering the complete spectrum of curriculum and disciplines of pharmacy education and research including medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical microbiology & biochemistry, pharmacognosy, and traditional Chinese medicine. SJTU School of Pharmacy is a research-orientated institution. Its graduate student body, enrolled in Ph.D., M.Sc. and M.Eng. programs, is as twice larger as its undergraduate classes. Both of the undergraduate and graduate courses are given by individual research laboratories each consisting of a professor and two to four junior academic staffs. SJTU School of Pharmacy has not only developed scientific programs but also nurtured an educational and research environment that is liberal and innovation-orientated. The school has now become a leading institute and an ideal place for pharmacy education and pharmaceutical research in the nation.
The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
... LiCl treatment can induce apoptosis in cancer cells (Kaufmann, 2011) and reduce the incidence of cancer of non-epithelial origin (Cohen et al., 1998). In addition, it has been shown that LiCl treatment can inhibit cancer cell proliferation through Wnt signaling ( Qi et al., 2006). In the present study, our results showed that LiCl treatment affects the expression of miR-17-92 cluster, which is known as oncomir-1 and plays vital roles in a variety of cellular processes such as cell proliferation and apoptosis. ...
Objective: To detect mRNA levels and expression of CD44, CD54, CD29 and E-cadherin (E-cad) and to discuss their relationship with formation and drug resistance of ovarian cancer SKOV3ip1 multicellular aggregates. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain multicellular aggregates. mRNA levels and expression of CD44, CD54, CD29 and E-cad...
Because the activation of telomerase is a relatively early event in the progression of cervical carcinogenesis, the expression of the human telomerase RNA gene, TERC, has the potential to serve as a biomarker for both the diagnosis and prognosis of cervical neoplasias. In total, 83 research centers participated in the study, and 7786 patients were...

To assess the clinical features and prognostic factors of malignant ovarian teratoma. Eighty-four patients with malignant ovarian teratoma between 1954 and 2001 were studied retrospectively. All patients were treated with surgery, the mid-period of follow-up was 146 months. Patient characteristics, surgical therapy, pathologic diagnosis, histologic...
RAB25 belongs to the Rab family of small GTPases and is implicated in the development of various types of human cancer. To evaluate the role of RAB25 in ovarian cancer, RAB25 was knocked down by siRNA in HEY and ES‑2 human ovarian cancer cells. Autophagy, cell growth and cell apoptosis were evaluated. The results showed that knockdown of RAB25 incr...

Although glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) might act as a tumor suppressor since its inhibition is expected to mimic the activation of Wnt-signaling pathway, GSK-3beta may contribute to NF-kappaB activation in cancer cells leading to increased cancer cell proliferation and survival. Here we report that GSK-3beta activity was involved in the prolif...
IQGAP1 is a scaffolding protein and overexpressed in many human tumors, including ovarian cancer. However, the contribution of IQGAP1 to invasive properties of ovarian cancer cells remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of IQGAP1-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expressing plasmids on metastatic potential of ovarian cancer HO-8910PM ce...

High levels of gonadotropin are a risk factor for ovarian cancer development. Aberrant gonadotropin levels benefit tumor angiogenesis, but the detailed mechanism is not clear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of high levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) on the promotion of tumor angiogenesis and to outline a...
To elucidate the mechanisms of nuclear estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30)-mediated signaling in the regulation of proliferation in ER-positive and ER-negative endometrial cancer cells, two human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, Ishikawa (ER-positive) and KLE (ER-negative), were used. PCR and Western blot anal...
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) has been well studied in the initiation and development of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). As yet, it has been largely neglected for estrogen sensitivity in local endometrium in hyperinsulinemia-induced systemic microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin in regulating...

School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology The School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology was jointly founded by Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai branch) in 1997. The 139 faculty members, including 51 full professors and 60 associate professors, are dedicated to cultivating diverse and unique talents in undergraduate students and postgraduate researchers. The School is also home to the State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and the Key Laboratory for Genetics Development and Neuropsychiatric Disorder. Our faculties, led by two prominent members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have earned numerous prestigious awards and international recognitions. By the 2017 ESI-based matrix, we ranked in the top 1% world-wide in Biology and Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Microbiology, and Plant and Animal Science. Hosting two state-level education bases, we administer a six-year combined bachelor-master program and an eight-year bachelor-master-PhD program. 1193 students are currently enrolled, including 303 undergraduates and 890 graduate students.
Our previous study revealed that estrogen regulates nm23-H1 expression thus promoting cell migration-invasion via activating PIK3/Akt pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of hormone on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha), a key factor in cancer invasion and metastasis, via activation of Akt signaling transduction pathway. We treated t...
... This process takes place at the beginning of vascular development and during post-natal life (11,22). Myeloid cells and EPCs are recruited by pro-angiogenic or pro-inflammatory factors to the tumor vascular bed, where they differentiate into ECs and give place to neovasculature (23)(24)(25). Vasculogenesis has a modest impact on tumor vascularization when the angiogenesis pathway is active, however, it is recognized as an important rescue process when this pathway is blocked (10,26). For instance, when angiogenesis is inhibited after anti-angiogenic treatment or radiotherapy, myeloid cells, and EPCs are recruited by the stroma-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in response to an increased level of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) (10,26). ...
Extensive exposure to estrogen is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer. Given that the accumulation of adipocytes also contributes to the increased production of estrogen, in the present study, we evaluated the expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene in endometrial tumor tissues and further explored th...
In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
To investigate the involvement of estrogen receptor (ER) beta in the proliferation of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma by restoring ERbeta expression in a cell line ES-2. A plasmid with full length ERbeta cDNA, pRSV-ERbeta and its negative vector control pRSV were introduced into ES-2. The cells transfected were named according to the plasmids: ES...
... [9,25] Overall, the main reasons reported contributing to the psychosocial burden among women (anxious, fearful, self-blame, powerlessness, disbelief, depression, and anger) in this domain were lack of understanding of abnormal Pap smear results and higher perceived risk of developing cervical cancer which also have negative impact on perception of self. [10,11,26] Domain 3: Worry about human papillomavirus infectivity Women of reproductive age were found to have a significantly higher mean score not only in general but also in both individual items of this domain " worry about HPV infectivity " compared to a menopausal group of women. Our results were quite similar to the study conducted in the United States which reported that women with abnormal Pap smear results were distressed due to a sense of shame or guilt when they came to know that these cervical changes are associated with HPV and which is a sexually transmitted infection. ...
Up to 30% of failure rate in endometrial hyperplasia patients treated by progestin urges more detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in progestin resistance. Survivin is a key regulator in the antiapoptotic network, and overexpression of survivin has been reported in endometrial hyperplasia and cancer. This study investigated the role of...
Progestin is an effective endocrine treatment for patients with atypical hyperplasia or with endometrial carcinoma that is estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive. However, long-term progestin treatment may lead to resistance. We have studied the progestin resistance phenotype that frequently develops in endometrial...
Huiyuan (Chinese: 慧遠; Wade–Giles: Hui-yüan; 334–416 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist teacher who founded Donglin Temple on Mount Lushan in Jiangxi province and wrote the text On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings in 404 AD. He was born in Shanxi province but after a long life of Buddhist teaching he wound up in Jiangxi province, where he died in 416. Although he was born in the north, he moved south to live within the bounds of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.
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