To investigate the effect of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) on the proliferation of human ovarian cancer cells. Two human ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and ES-2 were analysed for the expression of GSK-3beta and phosphorylated GSK-3beta (pGSK-3beta) by Western blot analysis. Cell growth curve analysis done by cell count was used to inv...
p53 is the most commonly mutated tumor suppressor gene in human cancers. In addition to the loss of tumor suppression function and exertion of dominant-negative effects over the remaining wild-type protein, several p53 mutants can gain novel oncogenic functions (gain-of-function, GOF) that actively regulate cancer development and progression. In hu...
In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
... Previous studies have discovered high IKCal expressions in endometrial carcinoma, breast cancer, urinary bladder carcinoma, colon cancer, and glioblastoma cells. [4][5][6][7] This study demonstrated the close relationship between the Ca 2+ -activated K + channel and cervical cancer. [8,9] This study utilized the K + -channel blocker clotrimazole (CLT) and small hairpin ribonucleic acid (RNA) to explore the role played by (and the effect of) IKCal in the proliferation of HeLa cells. ...
Progestin is an effective endocrine treatment for patients with atypical hyperplasia or with endometrial carcinoma that is estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive. However, long-term progestin treatment may lead to resistance. We have studied the progestin resistance phenotype that frequently develops in endometrial...
High levels of gonadotropin are a risk factor for ovarian cancer development. Aberrant gonadotropin levels benefit tumor angiogenesis, but the detailed mechanism is not clear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of high levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) on the promotion of tumor angiogenesis and to outline a...

School of Agriculture and Biology School of Agriculture and Biology, established in 1959, has 5 departments including Food Science & Engineering, Resource and Environment, Landscape Architecture, Plant Sciences and Animal Sciences. Currently, the school has more than 1100 students and 147 full time faculties (143 doctors, 50 professors). It offers 5 bachelor degree subjects (Plant Science, Animal Science, Food Science and Engineering, Landscape Architecture, Resource and Environmental Science), 6 master degree subjects (Food Science and Engineering, Landscape Architecture, Horticulture, Ecology, Animal Husbandry, Agriculture Extension), and 5 doctoral degree subjects (Horticulture, Animal Science and Engineering, Food Science and Engineering, Ecology, Regional Planning and LA Design). The school has established close relationships with more than 30 world-renowned universities. It offers student exchange programs, 2+2 dual bachelor degree programs, joint PH.D programs, etc. The overall international co-operations in SAB provides students and faculties a wide internationalized platform for academic and research.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (SCCE) has a glorious history dating back to 1928. Inspired by the mottos “Prudence, Pragmaticality, Erudition, Innovation” at SCCE, we have been highly successful in the development of academic disciplines, research, and education excellence. After years of efforts, we have so far more than 160 faculty members, among whom there are four academicians of the Chinese Academy of Science, two chair professors supported by the “Thousand Talents Program”, and 11 experts supported by the “Thousand Young Talents Program”; a large number of scholars are supported by the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, the “Cheung Kong Scholars Program”, the “National 973 Project”, the “National Science Fund for Outstanding Scholars”, etc. We provide comprehensive education programs including three undergraduate programs, four postgraduate programs(two master and two Ph.D. programs), visiting student programs and post-doctoral programs. With its energetic faculty and various education programs, SCCE has been considered as one of the long-standing educators in the field of chemistry and chemical engineering in China.
Recent studies have suggested that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an important role in ovarian epithelial carcinogenesis. We demonstrated that FSH stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularisation. Our previous work has shown that transient receptor potential channel...
Recent studies have suggested that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an important role in ovarian epithelial carcinogenesis. We demonstrated that FSH stimulates the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, inhibits apoptosis, and facilitates neovascularisation. Our previous work has shown that transient receptor potential channel...
Pyruvate kinase (PK) is a key enzyme in the process of glycolysis, catalyzing phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. Currently, PK isozyme type M2 (PKM2), one subtype of PK, has been proposed as a new tumor marker with high expression in various tumor tissues. Here we aimed to explore the effects of siRNAPKM2 on ovarian carcinoma (OC) cell lines...
Gankyrin has been implicated in the formation of multiple cancer types, although its roles in estrogen-driven endometrial carcinoma remain unclarified. We evaluated the expression of Gankyrin in endometrial tissues and further explored its roles in estrogen-driven and GPR30-mediated endometrial cancer cell proliferation. Gankyrin was overexpressed...
Zhou Botong realised that he had been tricked by Huang Yaoshi so he returned to Peach Blossom Island to demand an explanation from Huang. Huang Yaoshi was still embattled by the loss of his wife. Zhou Botong's confrontational attitude merely fuelled the anger and frustration in him. When Huang Yaoshi blamed Zhou Botong for his wife's death, Zhou retorted angrily that he had also suffered in a similar experience with Liu Ying. Huang Yaoshi and Zhou Botong started fighting but neither of them was able to defeat his opponent. Huang Yaoshi imprisoned Zhou Botong on his island by sealing all possible exit routes. Zhou Botong roamed the island and settled in a cave for the next 15 years. During that period of time, Huang Yaoshi and Zhou Botong taunted each other to fight and kept themselves occupied with their conflict. Their feud is resolved when Guo Jing visits the island and meets Zhou Botong.
Because the activation of telomerase is a relatively early event in the progression of cervical carcinogenesis, the expression of the human telomerase RNA gene, TERC, has the potential to serve as a biomarker for both the diagnosis and prognosis of cervical neoplasias. In total, 83 research centers participated in the study, and 7786 patients were...
Objective: To detect mRNA levels and expression of CD44, CD54, CD29 and E-cadherin (E-cad) and to discuss their relationship with formation and drug resistance of ovarian cancer SKOV3ip1 multicellular aggregates. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain multicellular aggregates. mRNA levels and expression of CD44, CD54, CD29 and E-cad...
China-UK Low Carbon College China-UK Low Carbon College was established in May, 2017, thanks to the joint efforts of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the University of Edinburgh and other UK universities, as well as Shanghai and Lingang government. As the first domestic low carbon college (LCC), the LCC aims to become a world-class innovative higher education and research institution with international influence, which provides academic programs, executive training, scientific research and industrial incubation. Green low-carbon development is an inevitable choice for China and the rest of the world to deal with global warming, a challenge that the whole world is facing. The college will concentrate on green development strategy, and carry out teaching and research on low-carbon energy, low-carbon environment, carbon finance, carbon management and low-carbon city etc. The goal of the LCC is to serve as a cradle of talents for low carbon industries and to support the development of low carbon fields with cutting-edge technologies. With the support from people in all walks of life, we are determined to develop the college as a first-class, industry-oriented and discipline-based institution. We strongly welcome the talents around the world who are interested in low carbon fields to join our college.
... ovarian diameter must be ≥ 31 mm. The presence of PFOs was evaluated binary, thereby the visualization of at least one side (unilateral)/individual was considered positive [129] . It has to be recognized that an PFO/ " PCO " is according to Netter (1990) [21] just a " clinical finding similar to splenomegaly or hepatomegaly ; cystic ovaries are found in a multiplicity of states, which have nothing in common etiologically; the clinical management varies and is dependent on the etiology " . ...
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU; Chinese: 上海交通大学) is a major research university in Shanghai. Established on April 8, 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, it has been referred to as "The MIT of the East" since the 1930s.[5][6][7] It is renowned as one of the oldest, most prestigious and selective universities in China. Shanghai Jiao Tong is a C9 League university and a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[8]
Henan Polytechnic University (HPU)[1], with a history of nearly 100 years, is the first mining university in Chinese history. Its former is Jiaozuo Coal Mining School which was established by the British Syndicate Co. Ltd., in 1909. It has changed its names several times in the course of development, namely, FuZhong Coal Mining University, Jiaozuo Private Institute of Technology, North-west Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo National Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo Mining Institute and Jiaozuo Institute of Technology. The University resumed its name of Henan Polytechnic University in 2004.

Albanian Leke 16American Dollars 53Argentine Pesos 43Australian Dollars 29Australian Pounds 15Austrian Schilling 27Bahraini Dinars 27Barbadian Dollars 18Belgian Francs 96Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible marks 29Brazilian Reais 26British Pounds 85Brunei Dollars 43Bulgarian Leva 45Canadian Dollars 59CFA francs Central Africa 10CFA francs West Africa 10CFP francs French Polynesia 15Chilean Pesos 22Chinese Yuan 49Colombian Pesos 12Croatian Kuna 23Cypriot Pounds 19Czech Koruna 34Danish Kroner 43Deutsche Marks 84Dutch Guilders 45Eastern Caribbean Dollars 34Egyptian Pounds 46Estonian Krooni 17Euros 21Falkland Islands Pounds 18Faroese Kronur 23Finnish Markkaa 25French Francs 92Georgian Lari 19Gibraltar Pounds 28Greek Drachmas 30Guernsey Pounds 22Hong Kong Dollars 117Hungarian Forints 28Icelandic Kronur 25Indian Rupees 33Indonesian Rupiah 27Irish Pounds 35Isle of Man Pounds 15Israeli New Sheqalim 21Italian Lire 37Jamaican Dollars 20Japanese Yen 30Jersey Pounds 29Jordanian Dinars 10Kuwaiti Dinars 37Latvian Lats 15Lithuanian Litu 24Luxembourgish Francs 14Macedonian Denari 19Malaysian Ringgit 52Maldivian Rufiyaa 15Maltese Lira 20Mexican Pesos 32Moldovan Lei 9Moroccan Dirhams 37New Taiwan Dollars 33New Zealand Dollars 41New Zealand Pounds 9Northern Irish Pounds 73Norwegian Kroner 25Omani Rials 14Peruvian Soles 17Philippine Peso 22Polish Zloty 50Portuguese Escudos 29Qatari Riyals 25Romanian Lei 11Romanian Old Lei 6Russian Rubles 38Saudi Riyals 26Scottish Pounds 69Serbian Dinara 26Singapore Dollars 58Slovak Koruna 13Slovenian Tolars 31South African Rands 44South Korean Won 37Spanish Pesetas 63Sri Lankan Rupees 55Swedish Kronor 38Swiss Francs 36Thai Baht 50Tunisian Dinars 5Turkish Lira 18Turkish Old Lira 15UAE Dirhams 25Ukrainian Hryvnia 30UncategorizedVietnamese Dong 26
School of Materials Science and Engineering School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University originated from the metal heat treatment major in 1952, and was established by merging Materials Science Department and Materials Engineering Department in 1997. The School has been ranked among ESI world top 1‰ disciplines for consecutive years, the discipline ranked 31st in 2016 QS world ranking and the 2nd among domestic disciplines. There are about 300 faculty and staff members, including 1 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,4 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 4 YangtzeRiver Scholars and 4 winners of the National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China. The School has about 1,500 students, including about 560 undergraduates, 470 master degree candidates, 360 doctoral candidates and 150 engineering masters. The School has formed 13 distinctive teaching and research teams by compacting discipline orientation and integrating academic teams.

School of Materials Science and Engineering School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University originated from the metal heat treatment major in 1952, and was established by merging Materials Science Department and Materials Engineering Department in 1997. The School has been ranked among ESI world top 1‰ disciplines for consecutive years, the discipline ranked 31st in 2016 QS world ranking and the 2nd among domestic disciplines. There are about 300 faculty and staff members, including 1 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,4 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 4 YangtzeRiver Scholars and 4 winners of the National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China. The School has about 1,500 students, including about 560 undergraduates, 470 master degree candidates, 360 doctoral candidates and 150 engineering masters. The School has formed 13 distinctive teaching and research teams by compacting discipline orientation and integrating academic teams.

To investigate the inhibitory effects of Snail--a zinc finger transcription factor, anti-sense plasmid on the invasion of ovary carcinoma cell lines in vitro. Four human ovarian carcinoma cell lines ES-2, OVCAR3, HO8910, HO8910PM were analyzed for the expression of Snail and E-cadherin mRNA by RT-PCR. Then anti-Snail plasmid transfection was introd...
Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) is an aggressive ovarian malignancy with a poor prognosis. The role of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) in the development of OCCA remains to be clarified. To investigate the action of ERβ in the proliferation and invasion of OCCA cells, the ES-2 cell line was stably transfected with full-length human ERβ cDNA, and...

School of Marxism The School of Marxism, established in 2009, including 6 Teaching and Research Department and 2 researching centers. Offers the two and half year MP with about 20 students; the PhD program with 30 students in residence. Main researching directions are Theory of Marxism, Study of Marxism in China, Education in Ideology and Politics, Foreign Marxism. The school responsible for the teaching and management of the ideological and Political Theory Course.
Huang Yaoshi is married to Feng Heng and has six apprentices. He has scores of servants on his island, who are deaf and mute. Rumours in the jianghu say that he intentionally disabled them, but in fact, they were already mute and deaf before they became his servants. He recruited them as his servants to relieve them from the social stigma of their impairments so that they can enjoy a better life on his island. However, he does not wish to promote an image of himself as a kind and compassionate person so he spread those negative rumours about himself. Only his family and apprentices know the truth.
Pyruvate kinase (PK) is a key enzyme in the process of glycolysis, catalyzing phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. Currently, PK isozyme type M2 (PKM2), one subtype of PK, has been proposed as a new tumor marker with high expression in various tumor tissues. Here we aimed to explore the effects of siRNAPKM2 on ovarian carcinoma (OC) cell lines...
The Joint Institute has tuition-waived student exchange agreements with a several leading universities as well as various programs with the university of Michigan. If your university is a member of the Global E³ Network or you believe that your institution has an exchange agreement with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), please contact your international programs office for information on how to apply.
ARHI is a Ras-related imprinted gene that inhibits cancer cell growth and motility. ARHI is downregulated in the majority of breast cancers, and loss of its expression is associated with its progression from ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) to invasive disease. In ovarian cancer, re-expression of ARHI induces autophagy and leads to autophagic death...
Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other type of female reproductive cancer. The development of new therapeutic approaches is required due to the low survival rate using routine methods. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the gene silencing of mediator complex subunit 19 (MED19) on cell viability and tumor growth in ova...
Huang Yaoshi is a fictional character in the wuxia novel The Legend of the Condor Heroes and its sequel, The Return of the Condor Heroes, by Jin Yong. He is one of the Five Greats of the wulin (martial artists' community) during the Song dynasty, alongside Wang Chongyang, Hong Qigong, Ouyang Feng and Duan Zhixing. He is nicknamed "Eastern Heretic" (東邪) for being an unorthodox radical who behaves as he wishes without showing any regard for formalities or moral ethics.[SheDiao Ch.10] He loathes the dogma of traditional rites in Chinese society and admires only genuine honour and pure love.[SheDiao Ch.10] As such, he is often regarded by his contemporaries as a cultural heretic.[SheDiao Ch.10] His nickname may be translated to "Eastern Evil" because the character Xie (邪) in his nickname also refers to "evil" and "unorthodoxy" in jianghu terminology.
... In vEDS cells, an ER perturbation was suggested by the abnormal ER distribution of the protein disulfide isomerase enzyme and by reduced expression of FKBP22, an ER resident peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans-ER isomerase involved in the folding of COLLIII triple helix [108,139,140]. Since the perturbed ER redox state may influence the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of the caspase-dependent apoptosis [141], and FKBP22 can have an anti-apoptotic role acting on the expression of Bcl-2 and caspases [142], this aspect merits further studies in vEDS fibroblasts. ...
To compare the therapeutic and toxic profile of topotecan given intraperitoneally with intravenously in human ovarian cancer xenografted into athymic nude mice. Eighty female Balb-c/nu-nu mice were randomized assigned into eight groups (n=10). Xenografts resulted from intramesentery injection of cultured human ovarian cancer cells SKOV3 in athymic...
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