In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
School of Environmental Science and Engineering Environmental Science and Engineering (ESE) at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) originated from the municipal engineering program established in 1926. The School of Environmental Science and Engineering (SESE) was formally established in 1999 and environmental engineering doctorate program and environmental engineering master program of engineering were established in 2001 and 2002, respectively. In 2003,the first level discipline doctoral program of environmental science and engineering was approved.
KoGuan Law School Legal education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University can be traced back to special and political classes during the period of Nanyang College in September 1901. However, it was interrupted during the education reform in 1950s until the Law School was re-established on June 8 2002. The law School received the new title “KoGuan School of Law” in 2008 in memorial of the generous donation of Professor Leo KoGuan. KoGuan School of Law has a strong, well-structured and international team of faculty, including 65 full-time faculty members. A variety of research centers within the law school has produced high quality scholarship covering a wide range of fields and disciplines, from constitutional law to law and society, from maritime law to competition law, etc. KoGuan School of Law has explored its own style of educating a new generation of law students and future jurists, and established its own reputation in both academic and practical circles. For the time being, it offers a full-scale legal education system including LLB, LLM, JM, and PhD programs.

AAeronautics and AstronauticsAgriculture and BiologyAntai College of Economic and ManagementBBiomedical EngineeringCChemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina Europe International Business SchoolChina-UK Low Carbon CollegeEElectronic, Information and Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental Sciences and EngineeringFForeign LanguagesHHumanitiesIInternational and Public AffairsKKoGuan Law SchoolLLife Sciences and BiotechnologyMMarxismMaterials Science and EngineeringMathematical SciencesMechanical Engineering Media and DesignMedicineNNaval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringPPharmacyPhysical EducationPhysics and AstronomySShanghai Advanced Institute of FinanceSJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology U UM-SJTU Joint Institute USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry Z Zhiyuan College


To examine the expressions of glyoxalase I (GLO-I) in endometrial cancer tissues and cell lines and to investigate the roles of GLO-I on proliferation and apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. Immunohistochemistry, western blot and RT-PCR were used to investigate the expressions of GLO-I protein and mRNA in endometrial cancer tissues and Ishikawa...
Sun Min, wife of a Chinese businessman, was found guilty of insider trading in Huiyuan shares by the Market Misconduct Tribunal in Hong Kong. The businessman, Mo Feng, and Sun purchased 8.61 million shares in the company between 30 July and 29 August 2008, at between HK$3.78 and 4.66 (US$0.48–$0.60), then resold their shares HK$10.24–$11.12 (US$1.21–$1.43) each on 3–4 Sept. 2008, after Huiyuan's stock price had surged after the proposed takeover was announced. A profit of HK$55.1 million (US$7.09 million) was made from the trade.[9] Sun was convicted of having dealt in 3.13 million Huiyuan shares in August 2008[10] and was fined HK$20 million (US$2.56 million), the largest ever imposed for the crime in the territory.[11]
Huang Yaoshi is a fictional character in the wuxia novel The Legend of the Condor Heroes and its sequel, The Return of the Condor Heroes, by Jin Yong. He is one of the Five Greats of the wulin (martial artists' community) during the Song dynasty, alongside Wang Chongyang, Hong Qigong, Ouyang Feng and Duan Zhixing. He is nicknamed "Eastern Heretic" (東邪) for being an unorthodox radical who behaves as he wishes without showing any regard for formalities or moral ethics.[SheDiao Ch.10] He loathes the dogma of traditional rites in Chinese society and admires only genuine honour and pure love.[SheDiao Ch.10] As such, he is often regarded by his contemporaries as a cultural heretic.[SheDiao Ch.10] His nickname may be translated to "Eastern Evil" because the character Xie (邪) in his nickname also refers to "evil" and "unorthodoxy" in jianghu terminology.
School of Mechanical Engineering The history of the School of Mechanical Engineering (ME) , Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) dates back to 1913. The School has the vision of a world-class engineering school committed to high-level education and cutting edge research. It aims to offer the best learning experience to its students, the most rewarding working environment for its faculty and staff as well as the most effective service to industry and society. Among the 334 faculty members, 124 are professors, 152 are associate professors and 58 are assistant professors, and more than 5000 students are learning here. As one of the top Schools of Mechanical Engineering in China, it strives to increase its international competitiveness and global presence through quality teaching, advanced research and close collaboration with leading universities in the world. The alumni from the School, as scientists, engineers, educators, statesmen and entrepreneurs, always make outstanding contributions to the innovation of science and technology, and the development of the society.
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (SCCE) has a glorious history dating back to 1928. Inspired by the mottos “Prudence, Pragmaticality, Erudition, Innovation” at SCCE, we have been highly successful in the development of academic disciplines, research, and education excellence. After years of efforts, we have so far more than 160 faculty members, among whom there are four academicians of the Chinese Academy of Science, two chair professors supported by the “Thousand Talents Program”, and 11 experts supported by the “Thousand Young Talents Program”; a large number of scholars are supported by the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, the “Cheung Kong Scholars Program”, the “National 973 Project”, the “National Science Fund for Outstanding Scholars”, etc. We provide comprehensive education programs including three undergraduate programs, four postgraduate programs(two master and two Ph.D. programs), visiting student programs and post-doctoral programs. With its energetic faculty and various education programs, SCCE has been considered as one of the long-standing educators in the field of chemistry and chemical engineering in China.

School of Pharmacy SJTU School of Pharmacy was founded in 2000, and now it has 85 academic, administrative and technical staff members. The School has 17 research and teaching laboratories covering the complete spectrum of curriculum and disciplines of pharmacy education and research including medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical microbiology & biochemistry, pharmacognosy, and traditional Chinese medicine. SJTU School of Pharmacy is a research-orientated institution. Its graduate student body, enrolled in Ph.D., M.Sc. and M.Eng. programs, is as twice larger as its undergraduate classes. Both of the undergraduate and graduate courses are given by individual research laboratories each consisting of a professor and two to four junior academic staffs. SJTU School of Pharmacy has not only developed scientific programs but also nurtured an educational and research environment that is liberal and innovation-orientated. The school has now become a leading institute and an ideal place for pharmacy education and pharmaceutical research in the nation.


Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are able to give rise to a variety of cell lineages under specific culture condition. An effective strategy for stable genetic modification in hES cells may provide a powerful tool for study of human embryogenesis and cell-based therapies. However, gene silences are documented in hES cells. In current study, we inve...
To study the expression of VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and its transcription factor Ets-1 on the interstitial neovasculogenesis in human cervical carcinoma on molecular level, which may provide further theoretic bases on judgement of prognosis and explain interregularity between neovasculagenetic factors. VEGF, KDR, MMP-1, and Ets-1 were detected in 87 cervi...
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