In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) has been well studied in the initiation and development of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). As yet, it has been largely neglected for estrogen sensitivity in local endometrium in hyperinsulinemia-induced systemic microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin in regulating...
OCT4, a stem cell marker, is overexpressed in several types of human cancer and can induce resistance to chemotherapy and inhibition of apoptosis. We previously demonstrated that human follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) can inhibit ovarian cancer cell apoptosis. However, the role of OCT4 in FSH-induced inhibition of apoptosis has not been reported...
Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) is an aggressive ovarian malignancy with a poor prognosis. The role of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) in the development of OCCA remains to be clarified. To investigate the action of ERβ in the proliferation and invasion of OCCA cells, the ES-2 cell line was stably transfected with full-length human ERβ cDNA, and...
Aim: To assess the clinical significance of hTERC amplification for cervical cancer screening detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and compare it with that of current screening methods within the same group. Methods: A total of one hundred and nine women were recruited in this study. All of them had liquid-based thin-prep cytologic...

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecologic cancers and is the fifth leading cause of all cancer-related deaths among women. The development of novel molecular targets is therefore important to many patients. Recently, the SRY-related transcription factor SOX2 has been widely reported to be involved in multiple pathophysiological...


Progestin is an effective endocrine treatment for patients with atypical hyperplasia or with endometrial carcinoma that is estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive. However, long-term progestin treatment may lead to resistance. We have studied the progestin resistance phenotype that frequently develops in endometrial...
Metformin plays an important role in the inhibition of cancer cell growth and prolongs remission durations. It reverses progestin-resistance in endometrial cancer cells by downregulating glyoxalase I (GloI) expression. This study aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on endometrial cancer cell chemotherapeutic sensitivity and explore the und...
To observe whether endothelial cell (EC) progenitors (CD(34)(+)-positive mononuclear cells) participated in neovasculogenesis of ovarian epithelial carcinoma through in vitro and in vivo experiments, and to explore the mechanism of tumor neovasculogenesis. CD(34)(+)-positive mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood of ovarian epithelia...
Purpose: It has previously been shown that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and its receptor contribute to epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) development. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the early event of metastasis in cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the roles of FSH and the FSH receptor (FSHR) in EMT of EOC....
Ovarian cancers are heterogeneous and contain stem-like cells that are able to self-renew and are responsible for sustained tumor growth. Metastasis in peritoneal cavity occurs more frequently in ovarian cancer than in other malignancies, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. We have identified that ovarian cancer stem-like cells (C...
To elucidate the mechanisms of nuclear estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30)-mediated signaling in the regulation of proliferation in ER-positive and ER-negative endometrial cancer cells, two human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, Ishikawa (ER-positive) and KLE (ER-negative), were used. PCR and Western blot anal...
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common cancers which cause female mortality. The knowledge of ovarian cancer initiation and progression is critical to develop new therapeutic strategies to treat and prevent it. Recently, SOX3 has been reported to play a pivotal role in tumor progression. However, the clinical significance of SOX3 in human ovarian...
... Mediator complex subunit 19 (MED19) is a member of the mediator that has a key role in the activation and repression of signal transduction or the regulation of transcription in carcinomas ( Casamassimi and Napoli, 2007;Sun et al, 2011). Accumulating evidence has shown that MED19 has important roles in cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, and suppression of MED19 expression induces inhibition of cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in several different tumour types including lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer ( Liu et al, 2012;Wei et al, 2015). Then we speculated that miR-214 played tumorigenic role by its target MED19 in CRC. ...
The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
School of Biomedical Engineering The School of Biomedical Engineering (BME) aims to satisfy the major needs of global development and meet the demand for interdisciplinary programs between medicine, science, and engineering. Based on the current frontiers of international research, major national needs, interdisciplinary programs, and the existing foundation of SJTU, BME consists the following six disciplines: Biomedical Instrumentation, Neuroscience and Engineering, Medical Imaging & Informatics, Nano-biomaterials, Systems Biology & Medicine, and Biological Sciences & Diseases. BME has been dedicated in cultivating high-level research, development, and management talents that are internationally competitive in the field of biomedical engineering.
To study the expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) and its correlation with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in epithelial ovarian neoplasm. Streptavidin-peroxidase complex technique was used to examine the expression of GLUT1, bFGF and PCNA protein in six cases of normal ovarian tissue, 20 c...

Its population was 3,700,000 at the 2016 census whom 1,301,732 live in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts (Jiefang, Shanyang, Zhongzhan and Macun) and Bo'ai County being urbanized. Jiaozuo enjoys a humid subtropical climate with continental climate influences. Winters are cool and relatively dry while summers are hot and often rainy. Average temperature ranges from 0.3 °C in January to 27.5 °C in July. Extremes exist from -22.4 °C to 43.6 °C. Precipitation averages 659 mm.
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