In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
To compare the therapeutic and toxic profile of topotecan given intraperitoneally with intravenously in human ovarian cancer xenografted into athymic nude mice. Eighty female Balb-c/nu-nu mice were randomized assigned into eight groups (n=10). Xenografts resulted from intramesentery injection of cultured human ovarian cancer cells SKOV3 in athymic...

Jiao Yulu was born in Yuanquan Town of Boshan District, in Zibo city, in Shandong province, to a poor family, on August 16, 1922, during the Republic of China.[3] Both his father Jiao Fangtian (焦方田) and mother were farmers.[3] He had only four years of schooling.[3] His father hanged himself during the Second Sino-Japanese War.[3] Jiao Yulu was conscripted into the Japanese labor and he was sent to coal-mining in Fushun, Liaoning, Manchoukuo.[3] He escaped to Suqian, Jiangsu in the fall of 1943.[3] He had been a farm labourer for two years for the landowner Hu Tairong (胡泰荣).[3]

Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful an...


To investigate the effect of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) on the proliferation of human ovarian cancer cells. Two human ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and ES-2 were analysed for the expression of GSK-3beta and phosphorylated GSK-3beta (pGSK-3beta) by Western blot analysis. Cell growth curve analysis done by cell count was used to inv...
To evaluate the therapeutic efficacies of preserving fertility treatment in patients with early cervical cancer. Sixteen patients with early cervical cancer treated by laparoscopic vaginal radical trachelectomy and pre- or postoperative chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively, focusing on the treatment indication and management of high risk pati...
USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry (ICCI) is jointly established by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) and University of Southern California (USC). With supports from all aspects of the society, ICCI aims to develop itself into a pilot of international collaboration in the field of cultural and creative industry.When culture leads, creativity triumphs. Located in the economic and financial center of China and taking the revitalization of the country and the nation as its own mission, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has cultivated numerous elites in politics, science, industries and arts, and has made great contributions to the country’s economics, science and technology, arts, and health care since founded in 1896. There are a number of famous alumni such as Li Shutong (a master of culture and arts), Lu Yan (a Chinese Hollywood Actress), Hong Shen (a dramatist), and Zhu Qizhan (a famous painter). This manifests the great contribution SJTU has made to the culture and creative industry. University of Southern California is located in Los Angeles, the cultural capital of the world. It has enjoyed a long-lasting high reputation for cultivating a large number of elites in the cultural and creative industry.
Estrogen and progestin are involved in ovarian carcinogenesis. Change in nm23-H1 expression and the PIK3/AKT pathway are involved in carcinogenesis, development, invasion and metastasis of ovarian cancers. Therefore, it is critical to understand the signaling pathways that regulate hormone-induced cell migration and invasion in ovarian cancer. We i...
The Joint Institute has tuition-waived student exchange agreements with a several leading universities as well as various programs with the university of Michigan. If your university is a member of the Global E³ Network or you believe that your institution has an exchange agreement with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), please contact your international programs office for information on how to apply.
Jiao Yulu (16 August 1922 – 14 May 1964) was a Chinese politician. Jiao Yulu was a symbol of the honest Party cadre who devotes himself tirelessly to the Communist State.[1] Jiao Yulu was considered to be a glorious example - Mao Zedong's good student during the period of personal worship. After his death, a campaign to study Jiao Yulu's example was started in 1966. The aim of the campaign was to boost morale and to rally the people to work harder to overcome difficulties. Party members in particular were called upon to follow Jiao Yulu's example by conducting more research and investigations into local conditions, and learn from his leadership style.[2]

... With respect to other cancers, lithium has been found to be lethal to neuroblastoma cells but not to normal nerve cells (11). A similar effect was found in ovarian cancer cells (12), although a subsequent similar study on ovarian cancer cells suggests only a more modest benefit (13). It is not clear from our reading of the two ovarian cancer papers why the results are significantly different from each other. ...


To evaluate the laparoscopic operation for early ovarian malignant tumor with low risk. Ten patients with ovarian malignant tumor who underwent laparoscopic total hysterectomy, pelvic lymph nodes dissection, bilateral adnexectomy, ovarian aortic and vein high ligation, omentectomy, and additional appendectomy. Eleven patients with the same diagnosi...

AAeronautics and AstronauticsAgriculture and BiologyAntai College of Economic and ManagementBBiomedical EngineeringCChemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina Europe International Business SchoolChina-UK Low Carbon CollegeEElectronic, Information and Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental Sciences and EngineeringFForeign LanguagesHHumanitiesIInternational and Public AffairsKKoGuan Law SchoolLLife Sciences and BiotechnologyMMarxismMaterials Science and EngineeringMathematical SciencesMechanical Engineering Media and DesignMedicineNNaval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringPPharmacyPhysical EducationPhysics and AstronomySShanghai Advanced Institute of FinanceSJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology U UM-SJTU Joint Institute USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry Z Zhiyuan College
China Europe International Business School China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), a joint-venture for management education, was co-founded by the Chinese government and European Union (EU) in 1994, with Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the EFMD serving as its executive partners. As China's only business school to originate from government-level collaboration, CEIBS is committed to educating responsible leaders versed in "China Depth, Global Breadth" in line with its motto of "Conscientiousness, Innovation and Excellence". Leaders from the Chinese central government and the EU have respectively lauded CEIBS as "a cradle of excellent executives" and "a role model of EU-China cooperation". CEIBS offers MBA, EMBA, Global EMBA, Finance MBA and Executive Education programmes. Renowned for its academic rigour, CEIBS is the first business school on the Chinese mainland to have been accredited by both EQUIS and AACSB and the only business school in Asia to have simultaneously made it to the Financial Times' top 30 list of MBA, EMBA and Executive Education programmes.
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