In Chinese grammar de hua (的话) is a very common and important word. It is used either alone or in combination with other words to express “if”. De hua is probably the most common way to express “if” in Chinese, in fact. Because of this, all students of Mandarin Chinese should be familiar with how to use this word, and that's what this guide is for.
School of Humanities The School of Humanities, composed of three Departments and two Centers, offers two undergraduate programs, three master degree programs, one professional master degree program, and two Ph. D programs in four academic categoriess covering Chinese Language and Literature, History, Philosophy, and Art. The School has 1551 students and 141 full-time faculty members, among which 28 are professors, 3 are Zhiyuan chair professors, 1 is Jingyu Chair professor, and 6 are distinguished professors, 1 is elected in Shanghai Thousand Talents Program, 2 are involved in the New Century Excellent Talent Support Project of the MOE, China and 24 teachers hold overseas doctoral degrees. The School offers 40% of the core courses for liberal education in the whole university and undertaks a total number of 74 projects at the ministrial and provincial level or above, among which 41 are programs supported by the national social science foundation of China.
Snail, a key inducer of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), plays an important role in cancer metastasis. To better understand the role of Snail in the metastasis of ovarian carcinoma, expression of Snail was knocked down by antisense-Snail in the highly metastatic ovarian cancer cell line HO8910PM. Gene array analysis revealed that blocking S...
In 1945, after the defeat of the Japanese in the Second World War, he returned his hometown and joined a militia. He once took part in the battle of liberating Boshan District. Jiao Yulu joined the Communist Party of China in January 1946, and he soon was transferred to Bohai, Shandong and appointed a group leader of the Land Reform movement. By late Chinese Civil War, he worked in Weishi County, Henan province until 1951. In June 1953, he was transferred to Luoyang Mine Machine Manufacturing Plant and worked there until 1962.
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains the most lethel gynecological malignancy. In the absence of an effective screening strategy, two thirds of patients are diagnosed in advanced clinical stage. Despite chemotherapy with cisplatin and paclitxel, primary or acquired chemoresistance faciltates survival of cancer cells, resulting in disease recurre...
Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.
The purpose of the study was to explore the role and mechanism of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein in endometrial carcinogenesis. A reverse-phase protein array (RPPA) was used to analyze the expression of ATM signal pathway proteins in Ishikawa and progesterone-insensitive Ishikawa. ATM expression was detected in endometrium specimens by...
Objective: To investigate the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer SK-OV-3ip1 multicellular aggregates (MCA) to cisplatin and taxol and to explore the possible mechanisms. Methods: Liquid overlay system was employed to obtain MCA. We detected the resistance using trypan blue exclusion testing, clonogenic assay, cell cycle profiles and apoptosis with...

Although glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) might act as a tumor suppressor since its inhibition is expected to mimic the activation of Wnt-signaling pathway, GSK-3beta may contribute to NF-kappaB activation in cancer cells leading to increased cancer cell proliferation and survival. Here we report that GSK-3beta activity was involved in the prolif...
Luteinizing hormone (LH) plays an important role in the development of ovarian cancer, and has been shown to inhibit apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Similarly, survivin is a molecule that has been shown to inhibit apoptosis in other types of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether survivin can be induced by LH in ovaria...
To identify new genetic risk factors for cervical cancer, we conducted a genome-wide association study in the Han Chinese population. The initial discovery set included 1,364 individuals with cervical cancer (cases) and 3,028 female controls, and we selected a 'stringently matched samples' subset (829 cases and 990 controls) from the discovery set...

To investigate the correlation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or micro-vessel density (MVD). The ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 was transplanted into nude mice to form xenogeneic tumor. Mice were treated with rapamycin 4 mg/kg, sulindac 100 mg/(kg.d) and saline 200 microl respectively. Express...
To examine the expressions of glyoxalase I (GLO-I) in endometrial cancer tissues and cell lines and to investigate the roles of GLO-I on proliferation and apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. Immunohistochemistry, western blot and RT-PCR were used to investigate the expressions of GLO-I protein and mRNA in endometrial cancer tissues and Ishikawa...

To assess the estrogen and progestin's effect on protein expression of metastasis repression gene nm23-H1 via regulation of phosphorylation signaling in epithelial ovarian cancer cell line ES-2. Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinom cell line ES-2 was treated by different doses of 17beta-estradiol (estrogen), medroxyprogestogen (progestin) and dimethyl...

Extensive exposure to estrogen is generally acknowledged as a risk factor for endometrial cancer. Given that the accumulation of adipocytes also contributes to the increased production of estrogen, in the present study, we evaluated the expression of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene in endometrial tumor tissues and further explored th...


... Furthermore, a report indicated that some kind of cervical cancer, such as minimal deviation adenocarcinoma, was not associated with high-risk HPV [25]. Qisang et al. [26] reported a significant positive correlation between positive hTERC gain and HR-HPV infection, histopathologic lesions (all P<0.01) in patients with cervical disease. Our study demonstrates that there are 23% HPV-infected positive cases in NNL, and 78.95% in CA group. ...
... However, no clear morphologic changes were found between control cells and Snail-knockdown cells. 16 Although the Ecadherin expression could not be detected in these cells at protein lever (Fig. 1a), but there is significant upregulation of E-cadherin mRNA after knockdown expression of Snail (Fig. 1b), indicating that Snail is required to suppress the expression of E-cadherin in ovarian cancer. In addition, expression of fibronectin, one of the mesenchymal markers, was greatly downregulated in the stable antisense-Snail-transfected cells when compared with the parental cells (Fig. 1b). ...
In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
Hello, I'm a student of mandarin Chinese, but only at a beginner level, I have a spoken exam tomorrow and I have written up what I want to say, however I'm not too sure its correct. Note: I haven't used tones on the letters, here's the text. please let me know I will be really grateful! This is what I want it to mean Good morning I am going to speak a little about my life I have 5 family members, mother father brother sister and myself. My mother is a dentist and my father is a business owner they are currently at work. my brother and my sister are both middle school students we live in Woking Surrey but my mother is milanese (italian) my father is (napoli italian) and i also was born in milan. my mom and i go to the solarium once a month. Woking is pretty and very big but has nothing to do at night. However the living habits are very interesting, like the yearly dance off. we go to the cinema, pop concerts and theater. i love going to restourants with my friends. we go to chinese restaurants, italian restaurants and american restaurants I have many hobbies, one of my friends is called prash. we practice kickboxing and kong fu every thursday on monday wednesday thursday and friday i go to uni. I use the train, there is no seats in the mornings but i very much love going to uni. im also a gamer, i own a team with four people. they are called B , Ray, Billy and Yougesh. B is my brother, ray is maltese, billy is english and yougesh is nepalese.We play League of legends, a game very famous in China. thank you for listening. CHINESE::::::: Zaochen hao! Wo yao shuo yi dian guanyu wo de shenghuo Wo jia you wu ge ren , baba mama didi meimei he wo. Wo mama shi yake yisheng he wo baba shi yewu jingli, nimen dou gongzuo xianzai. Wo didi he meimei dou shi zhong xue de xue sheng. Women zhu wojin zai Sali dan wo mama shi yidali Milan ren , baba shi yidali nabulesi ren he ye wo Milan chu sheng . wo he mama qu rengong riguangyu yi ge yue Wo jin shi xiangdang he hen da dan mei you shenme zuo de wangshang raner zher de shenghuo ziguan hen youyisi biru shuo meinian de dou wu. Women qu dianyingyuan, liuxing yinyuehui he juyian. Wo you henduo aihao Wo xihuan qu zai can ting yu wo pengyou. Women qu zhongguo can ting, yidali can ting he meiguo can ting mei yue yici Wo de yi ge pengyou jiao Prash. Women zuo taiquandao he gong fu fang xingqisi. Xingqiyi, xingqisan xingqisi he xingqiwu wo qu daxue wo zui huoche, zhaoshang zhe shi bu zuowei dan wo hen xihuan qu daxue. Wo shi wanjia, wo you yige tuandui you si ge ren. Tamen jiao B, Ray, Billy he Yougesh. B shi wo didi, Ray shi maertaren, billy shi yinguoren he yougesh shi niboren. Women wan yingxiong lianmeng, Zhege youxi hen shou huanying zai zhonguo. Xiexie nin ting THANK YOU to anyone who manages to help <3
AAeronautics and AstronauticsAgriculture and BiologyAntai College of Economic and ManagementBBiomedical EngineeringCChemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina Europe International Business SchoolChina-UK Low Carbon CollegeEElectronic, Information and Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental Sciences and EngineeringFForeign LanguagesHHumanitiesIInternational and Public AffairsKKoGuan Law SchoolLLife Sciences and BiotechnologyMMarxismMaterials Science and EngineeringMathematical SciencesMechanical Engineering Media and DesignMedicineNNaval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringPPharmacyPhysical EducationPhysics and AstronomySShanghai Advanced Institute of FinanceSJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology U UM-SJTU Joint Institute USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry Z Zhiyuan College
... LiCl treatment can induce apoptosis in cancer cells (Kaufmann, 2011) and reduce the incidence of cancer of non-epithelial origin (Cohen et al., 1998). In addition, it has been shown that LiCl treatment can inhibit cancer cell proliferation through Wnt signaling ( Qi et al., 2006). In the present study, our results showed that LiCl treatment affects the expression of miR-17-92 cluster, which is known as oncomir-1 and plays vital roles in a variety of cellular processes such as cell proliferation and apoptosis. ...
To determine the role of oestrogen receptor α (ERα) in the regulation of survivin expression by 17β-estradiol (E(2)) in ovarian cancer cells and to evaluate the mechanism of E(2) action on ovarian cancer cell migration. We performed RT-PCR and Western blot analysis to assess the expression of ERα in the ovarian cancer cell lines NIH:OVCAR-3 and SKO...
In June 1962, he was appointed Communist Party Secretary of Weishi County. In December, he became the Second Communist Party Secretary of Lankao County. This region had declined into poverty and ignorance. The county had long been plagued by dust storms, waterlogging, and alkaline lands.[3] Jiao Yulu devoted his energies to fight economic backwardness. He mobilized the local residents to contend with the poor natural conditions. Due to years of toil, Jiao Yulu broke down from constant overwork and he was diagnosed with liver cancer. But he continued his struggle against natural disasters. On May 14, 1964, he died of liver cancer, aged 42.[3]
A cultural events package for the international student community at JI, including excursions into the environs of Shanghai, martial arts, Chinese cuisine and similar classes as well as cultural and social events is strongly recommended to be taken by all students at JI. The cost for the whole package is 2,500 RMB and must be paid in advance of coming to JI.
Sun Min, wife of a Chinese businessman, was found guilty of insider trading in Huiyuan shares by the Market Misconduct Tribunal in Hong Kong. The businessman, Mo Feng, and Sun purchased 8.61 million shares in the company between 30 July and 29 August 2008, at between HK$3.78 and 4.66 (US$0.48–$0.60), then resold their shares HK$10.24–$11.12 (US$1.21–$1.43) each on 3–4 Sept. 2008, after Huiyuan's stock price had surged after the proposed takeover was announced. A profit of HK$55.1 million (US$7.09 million) was made from the trade.[9] Sun was convicted of having dealt in 3.13 million Huiyuan shares in August 2008[10] and was fined HK$20 million (US$2.56 million), the largest ever imposed for the crime in the territory.[11]
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